What are Best Management Practices?
Best management practices (BMPs) are innovative, dynamic, and improved
environmental protection practices applied to oil and natural gas
drilling and production to help ensure that energy development is
conducted in an environmentally responsible manner. BMPs protect
wildlife and landscapes as we work to develop vitally needed domestic
Some BMPs are as simple as choosing a paint color
that helps oil and gas equipment blend in with the natural surroundings,
while others involve cutting-edge monitoring and production technologies.
All are based on the idea that the "footprint" of energy
development should be as small and as light as possible.
If you are new to Best Management Practices
(BMPs), visit our General Information
If you are familiar with Best Management Practices, visit our Technical
To learn even more about Best Management Practices, visit our Frequently
Asked Questions (FAQ) page.
Practices and the Bureau of Land Management
The way of life Americans take for granted depends upon stable,
abundant, and affordable sources of energy. Energy is vital to our
quality of life and to our economic and national security.
The US Bureau of Land Management (BLM) manages 261
million acres of public land and manages another 439 million acres
of subsurface minerals. Our management meets the needs of today
without compromising our ability to meet the needs of future generations.
The BLM continues to improve the way it manages oil
and gas development on the public lands. BLM issued a Best Management
Practice (BMP) policy on June 22, 2004. The policy instructs field
offices to incorporate appropriate BMPs into Applications for Permit
to Drill and associated on- and off-lease rights-of-way approvals.
By reducing the area of disturbance, adjusting the location of facilities,
and using numerous other techniques to minimize environmental effects,
BLM is significantly reducing impacts associated with new energy
development to wildlife habitat, scenic quality, water quality,
recreation opportunities, and other resources.
Numerous oil and gas operators have developed and
used BMPs. BMPs are not "one size fits all." The actual
practices and mitigation measures best for a particular site are
evaluated through the National Enviornmental Policy Act process
and vary to accommodate unique, site-specific conditions and local
Oil and natural gas production is a long-term, but
not a permanent, use of public land. BMPs represent a commitment
to the idea that smart planning and responsible follow-through reduce
impacts to resources, both now and in the future.
BMPs are a significant tool in the BLM's pursuit
of enhancing quality of life for all citizens through balanced stewardship
of America's public lands and resources.