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Research Division Notes
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Research Division Notes are short (5 to 10 pages) summaries of current statistical information. Unless otherwise noted, the Notes can be ordered through the Research Division.  Please include your name and address and the # and title of the Notes(s) you are requesting. There is no charge for mailing.

Notes #60 and above are downloadable in Portable Document Format (PDF) and can be read using the FREE Acrobat Reader.

#87.

Artist Employment in 2003 (October 2004). The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that, in 2003, job market conditions weakened for the civilian work force and for most workers in artist occupations. In 2003, 8 million civilian workers were unemployed, representing 5.6 percent of the labor force. The 2003 unemployment rate for artists reached 6.1 percent (128,000 workers), up from 5.5 percent in 2002.
This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#86.

The Performing Arts in the GDP, 2002 (July 2004). The Bureau of Economic Analysis reports that consumers spent $12.1 billion ($42 per person) on admissions to performing arts events in 2002. This amount was $2.5 billion more than spending on tickets to movie theaters, but $1.5 billion less than outlays on admissions to sporting events. This note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#85. 

Artist Labor Force by State, 2000 (May 2004) This note reports the state location of workers in 11 detailed artist occupations. It examines the state concentration of artists as a share of the total civilian labor force, and state patterns in the location of individual artist occupations. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).
 

#84. 

Artist Employment, 2000-2002 (October 2003) The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that, in 2002, job market conditions weakened for the total civilian work force and for most workers in artist occupations. Unemployment among workers in artist occupations reached 116,000 in 2002, while the unemployment rate for artists hit 5.5 percent, up from 3.5 percent in 2000. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).
 

#83. 

The Arts in the GDP: Consumers Spent $10.6 Billion on Tickets to Performing Arts Events in 2001 (October 2003) The Bureau of Economic Analysis reports that consumers spent $10.6 billion on admissions to performing arts events. This amount was $1.9 billion more than outlays for tickets to movie theaters and $500 million more than spending on admissions to spectator-sports events. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).
 

#82.

Demographic Characteristics of Arts Attendance, 2002 (July 2003) Reports on the attendance rates of various demographic groups at arts events/activities based on the 2002 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts (SPPA) and makes comparisons to similar data from the 1992 SPPA. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#81.

2002 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts (July 2003) Presents highlights from a national survey of 17,135 adults that measures participation in arts activities through 1) attendance at live events; 2) watching or listening through broadcast and recorded media; and 3) personal performance or creation of art. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#80. 

Artist Employment in 2001 (May 2002) Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) show that more than 2.1 million people were employed (in primary jobs) as artists in 2001 -- a gain of 72,000 workers over the 2000 figure. An additional 315,000 people held secondary jobs in artist occupations. This note also features a section on earnings and projected employment growth for select artist occupations taken from the BLS' Occupational Outlook Handbook. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#79.

The Arts in the GDP: Consumers Spent $9.8 Billion on Admission Receipts for Performing Arts Events in 2000 (April 2002). (February 2001). Data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis show that consumers spent $9.8 billion on admissions to performing arts events in 2000. This total was $1.7 billion greater than admissions to movie theaters and $500 million more than spending on spectator sports. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#78.

Artist Employment in 2000 (May 2001) Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) show that more than 2 million people were employed (in primary jobs) as artists in 2000 -- a gain of 10,000 workers over the 1999 figure. An additional 295,000 people held secondary jobs in artist occupations. This note also features a section on earnings and projected employment growth for select artist occupations taken from the BLS' Occupational Outlook Handbook. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#77.

The Arts in the GDP: Consumers Spent $10.2 Billion on Admission Receipts for Performing Arts Events in 1999 (February 2001). Data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis show that consumers spent $10.2 billion on admissions to performing arts events in 1999. This total was $2.8 billion more than consumers spent at movie theaters and $2 billion more than spending at spectator sports events. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#76.

Artist Employment in 1999 (June 2000) Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) show that more than 2 million people were employed (in primary jobs) as artists in 1999 - a gain of 76,000 workers over the 1998 figure. An additional 298,000 people held secondary jobs in artist occupations. This note also features a section on earnings and projected employment growth for select artist occupations taken from the BLS' Occupational Outlook Handbook.. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#75.

The Arts in the GDP: Consumers Spent $9.4 Billion on Admission Receipts for Performing Arts Events in 1998 (March 2000). Data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis show that consumers spent $9.4 billion on admissions to performing arts events in 1998. This total was $2.6 billion more than consumers spent at movie theaters and $1.8 billion more than spending at spectator sports events. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#74.

International Data on Government Spending on the Arts (January 2000) Compares government arts expenditures in the U.S. with the spending levels of Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#73.

Artist Employment in 1998 (April, 1999) According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment in artist occupations grew to nearly 2 million. Seventy thousand more artists were employed in one of eleven artist occupations in 1998 than in 1997. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#72.

Arts Participation by Region, State, and Metropolitan Area (January 1999) Highlights differences in arts participation across 9 regions, 10 individual states and 4 metropolitan areas based on the results of the 1997 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#71.

Demographic Characteristics of Arts Attendance: 1997 (January 1999) Reports on the attendance rates of various demographic groups at arts events/activities based on the 1997 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts and makes comparisons of their distribution among all attendees in 1997 to that in 1992. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#70.

1997 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts: Half of U.S. Adults Attended Arts Performances or Exhibitions (September 1998) Presents highlights from a national survey of 12,349 adults that measures participation in arts activities through 1) attendance at live events b) watching or listening through broadcast and recorded media and c) personal performance or creation of art. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#69.

The Arts in the GDP: Consumers Spent More Than $10 Billion on Admission Receipts for Performing Arts Events in 1997 (September, 1998) Based on data from the U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Economic Analysis, consumer expenditures for admission to performing arts events in 1997 amounted to $10 billion or about 1.6 times more than spending on admissions to motion pictures or spectator sports. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#68.

Classical Music Organizations Report 22% Growth in Economic Census: 1987-1992 (May, 1998) A comparison of revenues for taxable and nonprofit classical music organizations based on data from the Economic Censuses of 1992, 1987, and 1982. Revenue information is provided for opera, symphony, and chamber music organizations. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#67.

Dance Organizations Report 43% Growth in Economic Census: 1987-1992 (May, 1998) A comparison of revenues for nonprofit and taxable dance groups based on data from the Economic Censuses of 1992, 1987, and 1982. A detailed breakdown of nonprofit dance groups (ballet, modern, folk, ethnic, and other) by revenues and sources is also provided. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#66.

Theaters Report 22% Growth in Economic Census: 1987-1992 (May, 1998) A comparison of revenues for nonprofit and taxable theaters based on data from the Economic Censuses of 1992, 1987, and 1982. A distribution of revenue by source (private, public, etc.) is also provided for each type of theater. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#65.

Retail Art Galleries Continue Strong Growth in the Economic Census of 1992 (May, 1998) Includes national, state, and major metropolitan area sales figures for retail sales of art based on the Economic Censuses of 1992, 1987, and 1982. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#64.

Museums, Arboreta, Botanical and Zoological Gardens Report 18% Growth, 1987-1992 (May, 1998) A comparison of total revenues for museums and arts galleries based on the Economic Censuses of 1992, 1987, 1982, and 1977. Estimates are also provided by region. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#63.

The Performing Arts Spread Out: The Geography of Performing Arts Organizations, 1992 (May, 1998) A comparison of total revenues for nonprofit and taxable performing arts (theater, music, dance) based on the Economic Censuses of 1992, 1987, 1982, and 1977. State and regional estimates are also provided. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#62.

Count of Performing Arts Organizations Up by Over 30%, 1987-1992 (May, 1998) A comparison of the taxable and nonprofit sectors of performing arts organizations (theater, music, dance) using data from the Economic Censuses of 1992, 1987, 1982, and 1977. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#61.

Artist Employment in America - 1997 (March, 1998) According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment in artist occupations in 1997 continued to grow faster than in professional occupations as a whole (3.7% versus 2.6%). Total employment in the eleven artist occupations stood at 1.9 million in 1997. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#60.

Artist Employment in America (August 1997) According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the total number employed in eleven artist occupation groups grew from 1.6 to 1.8 million from 1995 to 1996. This Note is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).

#59.

The Arts in the GDP: Consumers Spent More Than $9 Billion on Admission Receipts for Performing Arts Events in 1996 (February, 1997) Based on data from the U.S. Department of Commmerce's Bureau of Economic Analysis, consumer expenditures for admission to performing arts events in 1996 amounted to $9 billion or about 1.5 times more than spending on admissions to motion pictures or spectator sports.

#58.

Artist Employment in 1995 (October 1996) According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there was substantial growth in employment in artist occupations in 1995, but the unemployment rate remained high.

#57.

Artist Employment in 1994 (July, 1995) According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there was virtually no growth in artist employment from 1993 to 1994. The number of artists employed in 1994 stood at 1,622,000, only 1,000 more than in 1993.

#56.

The Arts in the GDP: Admission Receipts for Performing Arts Events Continue to Grow at a Steady Rate (June, 1995) Based on data from the U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Economic Analysis, consumer expenditures for admissions to performing arts events in 1993 amount to $5.5 billion, 6% more than in 1992.

#55.

Public Participation in the Arts in Regional and Metropolitan Areas, 1982-1992 (June 1, 1995). This note provides information on arts participation in four different geographical regions and the metropolitan areas of Los Angeles, New York, and Baltimore/Washington, D.C. Based on data compiled from the 1992 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts (SPPA) which was conducted for the Endowment by the U.S. Census Bureau. (See also: NEA Research Division Report #27.)

#54.

Artist Employment in 1993 (February 28, 1994). According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the artist work force declined from 1992 levels after two years of growth. The total artist work force fell from 1,735,000 in 1992 to 1,708,000 in 1993.

#53.

The Arts in the GDP: Admission Receipts for Performing Arts Events in 1992 Experience Continued Increase Since 1988 (February 28, 1994). Based on data from the U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Economic Analysis, consumer expenditures for admissions to performing arts events in 1992 amounted to $5.1 billion, or 8% more than in 1991

#52.

Demographic Differences in Arts Participation Via Broadcast and Recorded Media: 1982 - 1992 (February 16, 1994). Concentrates on the difference in arts participation through the use of Broadcast and Recorded Media

#51.

Demographic Differences in Arts Attendance: 1982 - 1992 (February 16, 1994). Concentrates on the differences in the rate of participation through attendance at arts activities by demographic variables.

#50.

Public Participation in the Arts: 1982 and 1992 (October 25, 1993). Presents highlights from the 1992 and 1982 nationwide Surveys of Public Participation in the Arts.

#49.

Census Reports 91% Increase in Retail Art Dealers: 1982 - 1987 (September 30, 1993). Includes national and state sales figures for retail sales of art. Also distribution of total art sales by metropolitan areas are shown for 1982 and 1987.

#48.

Census Reports 6% Increase in Art Museums and Art Gallaries: 1982 - 1987 (September 30, 1993). A comparison of total revenues for taxable and tax-exempt museums and art galleries. In addition, museum revenues are shown by region and state.

#47.

Census Reports 30% Increase in Nonprofit Classical Music Groups: 1982 - 1987 (September 30, 1993). A comparison of the revenues of taxable and nonprofit classical music organizations, using data from the 1982 and 1987 Censuses. Nonprofit organizations divided into opera, symphony, chamber music, and no designation.

#46.

Census Reports 18% Increase in Nonprofit Dance Groups: 1982 - 1987 (September 30, 1993). A comparison of revenues of nonprofit and taxable dance groups, using data from the 1982 and 1987 Censuses. In addition, a detailed breakdown (ballet, modern dance, folk ethnic, and other) of nonprofit dance groups by revenues and sources.

#45.

Census Reports 28% Increase in Number of nonprofit Theaters: 1982 - 1987 (September 30, 1993). A comparison of revenues for nonprofit and taxable theaters, using the 1982 and 1987 Census results. Distribution of revenue by source (private, public, admission, etc.) for each type of theater is also provided.

#44.

U.S. Performing Arts Organizations Increase by 11%: 1982 - 1987 (September 30, 1993). A comparison based on total revenues for nonprofit and taxable performing arts organizations (theater, dance, music). State and regional estimates are also provided.

#43.

Census Reports Number of Performing Arts Organizations up by 11% From 1982 - 1987; Receipts/Revenues Top 6.68 Billion (September 30, 1993). A comparison of the taxable and nonprofit sectors of performing arts organizations (theater, music, dance) using data from the 1977, 1982, 1987 Censuses.

#42.

Artists in Metropolitan Areas - 1990 (August 12, 1993). This note provides estimates based on the 1990 Census of Population for artist labor forces in the 30 metropolitan areas with the largest number of artists. The note also provides information on the 10 metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of artists in their labor forces.

#41.

Regional and State Trends for Artists: 1970 - 1990 (August 12, 1993). This note provides state and regional estimates for artist occupations based on the 1970, 1980, and 1990 Censuses of Population. All 50 states are ranked by the size of their artist labor force and the concentration of artists in the total state labor forces in 1990, 1980, and 1970. Regional estimates are also provided for the four major Census Bureau regions -- Northeast, Midwest, South, and West.

#40.

Artists Increase 54% in the 1980s (August 12, 1993). This note reports information from the 1990 Census of Population on artist occupations. The artist labor force in 11 occupations totaled 1,671,278 in 1990 -- a 54% increase from 1980. The note provides information on the size of the individual artist occupation labor forces as reported in the 1970, 1980, and 1990 censuses.

#39.

Artist Employment in 1992 (July 30, 1993). This is an annual update of employment data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Employment in 11 artist occupations described in the note grew by 6% from 1991 to 1992. The unemployment rate in artist occupations also grew from 1991 to 1992 increasing from 5.3% to 5.7%.

#38.

The Arts in the GDP: Admission Receipts for Performing Arts Events in 1991 Experience First Decline in Five Years (May 31, 1993). This annual update of information from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis indicates consumer expenditures for admissions to performing arts events in 1991 amounted to $4.7 billion a .3% decline from 1990. This marked the first year-to-year decline in admission receipts for performing arts events in five years.

#37.

Artist Employment in 1991 (November 30, 1992). An update for the year 1991 of annual employment data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in 1992. This note also discusses the trends in the individual artist occupations with regard to employment and unemployment from 1985 to 1991.

#36.

The Arts in the GDP: Recent Benchmark Produces Major Revisions in the Consumer Admissions Series (March 31, 1992). This annual update of information from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis takes into account the latest revisions to the Bureau's input/output model that is used for measuring national productivity. It also reflects a shift from gross national product (GNP) to gross domestic product (GDP) as the primary measure of production.

#35.

Artist Employment in 1990 (October 21, 1991). An update for the year 1990 of annual employment data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in 1991. This note also discusses the trends in the individual artist occupations with regard to employment and unemployment from 1983 to 1990.

#34.

The Arts in the GNP Revisited: Consumer Admission Expenditures for Performing Arts Events Increase Slightly but are Unchanged when Adjusted for Inflation (November 2, 1990). This annual update of information from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis presents new data for 1989 and revises data for 1987 and 1988 that was reported in Note #32.

#33.

Artist Employment in 1989 (September 24, 1990). An update for the year 1989 of annual employment data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in 1990. This note also discusses the trends in the individual artist occupations with regard to employment and unemployment from 1983 to 1989.

#32.

The Arts in the GNP Revisited: Consumer Admission Expenditures for Performing Arts Events Now Exceed Both Spectator Sports and Motion Pictures (December 22, 1989). This annual update of information from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis presents new data for 1988 and revises some data for 1986 and 1987 that was reported in Note #30.

#31.

Artist Employment in 1988 (April 17, 1989). An update for the year 1988 of annual employment data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in January 1989. This note also discusses the trends in the individual artist occupations with regard to employment and unemployment from 1983 to 1988.

#30.

The Arts in the GNP Revisited and Revised: For the Third Year Consumer Expenditures for Performing Arts Events Exceed Spectator Sports (November 30, 1988). This annual update of information from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis presents new data for 1987 and revises some data for 1985 and 1986 that was reported in Note #28. In addition to the updating material, similar to that in the previous Notes about the GNP, several important findings with regard to the composition of this data series are described.

#29.

Artist Employment in 1987 (February 17, 1988). An update for the year 1987 of annual employment data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in January 1988.

#28.

The Arts in the GNP: Consumer Expenditures for Nonprofit Performing Arts Events Exceed Spectator Sports for Two Years (January 14, 1988). This annual update of information from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis presents new data for 1986 and revises some data for 1984 and 1985 that was reported in Note #20. In addition to the updating material, similar to that in the previous Notes about the GNP, an additional analysis is included for the first time in terms of per capita expenditures. This new analysis is presented in the form of a table showing current and constant dollar per capita expenditures for five recreation components of the GNP for 1983 - 1986.

#27.

Public Participation in the Arts: 1982 and 1985 Compared (December 9, 1987). This Note summarizes the data collected in the Surveys of Public Participation in the Arts in 1982 and in 1985. The Note describes the 22 activities or participation measures that had statistically significant changes (95% confidence level) between 1982 and 1985. Such changes occurred for attendance at performances of classical music, opera performances, and performances of musical plays or operettas; visits to art or craft fairs or festivals; participation in the arts by the media (particularly jazz music, classical music, plays [non-musical], and ballet); and also for preferences for various musics (particularly soul/blues, country-western, rock, mood/easy listening, hymns/gospel, and other [mostly ethnic]).

#26.

Aggregate Financial Measures of Nonprofit Theater, Dance, and Classical Music Organizations in 1982 (August 25, 1987). Using data from the 1982 Census of Service Industries, this Note reviews aggregate financial conditions of nonprofit theater, dance, and classical music organizations. Revenue/expense ratios, detailed sources of revenues, and other information are presented for the three broad groups and for the following selected fields: resident theaters (LORT), stock theaters, Off-Broadway theaters, Off-Off-Broadway theaters, children's theaters, community theaters, ballet companies, modern dance companies, symphony orchestras, opera companies, and chamber music groups.

#25.

Geography of U.S. Performing Arts Organizations in 1982 (Part 3) (July 20, 1987). This Note is the third and final in the presentation of information from the 1982 Census of Service Industries about the location of performing arts organizations. It presents information on seventeen selected fields of performing arts. These fields are: (1) resident theaters (LORT contracts), (2) stock theaters, (3) Broadway productions and road shows, (4) Off-Broadway productions, (5) Off-Off-Broadway productions, (6) children's theaters, (7) dinner theaters, (8) community theaters, (9) ballet companies, (10) modern dance companies, (11) folk/ethnic dance companies, (12) symphony orchestras, (13) opera companies, (14) chamber music groups, (15) jazz music groups, (16) choral music groups, and (17) dance or stage bands or orchestras.

#24.

Geography of U.S. Perfoming Arts Organizations in 1982 (Part 2) (June 29, 1987). This Note contains the presentation of information from the 1 982 Census of Service Industries about the location of performing arts organizations. It subdivides performing arts organizations into four groups in both the nonprofit and for-profit sectors: (1) producers of theatrical productions, (2) dance groups, (3) classical music organizations, and (4) all other performing arts organizations; and then presents information on the average size of organizations in these four groups in the states and in the four major regions of the U.S.

#23.

Geography of U.S. Performing Arts Organizations in 1982 (Part 1) (June 10, 1987). This Note is the first of a three part presentation of information from the 1982 Census of Service Industries about the location of performing arts organizations (excluding motion picture companies) in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. It examines the 8,322 performing arts organizations in terms of nonprofit (tax-exempt) and forprofit (taxable) organizations, their revenues/receipts, and their state locations.

#22.

Artist Employment in 1986 (March 20, 1987). An update for the year 1986 of annual employment data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in January 1987.

#21.

8,322 Performing Arts Organizations (Excluding Motion Pictures) Report 1982 Receipts/Revenues of $4,399,200,000 (February 27, 1987). Information from the 1982 Census of Service Industries provides an overview of independent performing arts organizations, both the for-profit (taxable) and nonprofit (tax-exempt). Categories included are: producers of live theatrical productions; dance groups; classical music organizations; and a remainder category for all other live performing arts organizations. Data is presented for numbers and receipts of these organizations for 1977 as well as 1982. In addition, this note contains information about aggregate financial data and about changes of each receipts/revenues line item from 1977 to 1982 for the average (typical) nonprofit theatrical producer, dance group, and classical music organization.

#20.

The Arts in the GNP: A New Beginning (February 2, 1987). An update of information on the arts in the GNP that takes into account the introduction of a new input/output model of the U.S. economy. New estimates are provided for 1985 and the estimates for 1982 - 84 are updated utilizing the new model as well as more up-to-date data.

#19.

1,563 Retail Art Dealers Report 1982 Sales of Nearly $700,000,000 (January 7, 1987). Information from the 1982 Economic Census is analyzed in terms of numbers of retail art dealers in the 50 states and the District of Columbia and in the 19 largest metropolitan areas. The information presented includes numbers of retail art dealers in each political subdivision and their sales in terms of art, artist materials and supplies, and other merchandise.

#18.

Population Location and the Barriers of 'Art Form Not Available' and 'Too Far to Go' (September 11, 1986). This Note examines data collected in the 982 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts in terms of such barriers to greater arts attendance as 'art form not available' and 'too far to go'. The Note relates these barriers to two different schema for describing urbanicity: urban/rural place, and metropolitan/ outside metropolitan areas. 40.6 million adults were projected to have one or both of these barriers.

#17.

Nonprofit Charitable Organizations: A 501(c)(3) Group Portrait (June 9, 1986). An analysis of a report released in January 1986 by the Internal Revenue Service using information from nonprofit charitable organizations on Form 990. The data reflects an analysis of 75,738 filers for the tax year of 1982.

#16.

Public Participation in the Arts by Urban and Rural Residence (May 27, 1986). Results from the 1982 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts are analyzed in terms of the location of the residence of the participating and non-participating publics. Data is presented for the following arts activities: attending jazz, classical music, musical plays/operetta, non-musical plays, opera, and ballet; and visiting art museums and galleries for the public living on rural farms, on rural non-farms, in metropolitan areas, outside metropolitan areas, and in the eight large cities -- New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelphia, San Francisco, Detroit, Boston, and Baltimore/Washington. Comments are made about participation rates in each of these urban locations and for each one of the art forms.

#15.

Artist Employment in 1985 (March 10, 1986). An update for the year 1985 of annual employment data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in January 1986.

#14.

Age, Desire, and Barriers to Increased Attendance at Performing Arts Events and Art Museums (February 4, 1986). Data from the 1982 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts is analyzed in terms of desire for increased participation in the following arts activities: attending jazz, classical music, musical plays/ operetta, non-musical plays, opera and ballet performances and visiting art museums and galleries. Age is the control variable and is broken down into seven age groups. This Note also includes data on barriers to increased participation and these are broken down into four age groups.

#13.

The Arts in the GNP III (November 6, 1985). This update of information in Notes #1 and #6, adds data and analysis covering the years 1983 and 1984.

#12.

Audience Crossover: Media Participation and Attending Live Events (June 5, 1985). Using data from the 1982 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts, this Note compares pairs of live attendance activities and electronic media activities, such as: watching on TV, listening to radio, and listening to recordings. The Note also examines the correlations between hours spent watching all TV and attending live events. The Pearson correlation coefficient is used for measuring the correlation between the 119 pairs that are considered in this Note.

#11.

Artist Employment in 1984 (March 5, 1985). Updating information for the year 1984 from the annual employment data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in January 1985.

#10.

Artists Real Earnings Decline 37% in the 1970s (March 5, 1985). Median earnings are compared for artists in each of the eleven occupations for 1969 and 1979, the reference years used in the 1970 and 1980 Censuses. The Note contains both actual dollar earnings and constant dollar earnings (adjusted for inflation) and compares median women artist earnings in each of the occupations with those of men in both 1969 and 1979.

#09.

Changing Proportions of Men and Women in the Artist Occupations 1970 - 1980 (March 4, 1985). A special study by the Bureau of the Census revised estimates of the 1970 Census in the light of the 1980 Occupational Classification System. The results of this special study were used in the preparation of this Note to compare 1970 with 1980 for all artist occupations in terms of numbers of the labor forceand of men and women. Among other things, the adjustments increase the base of women in some of the artist occupations, particularly designers, as a result of in-transfers from occupational groups that were not previously considered in the artist cluster of occupations.

#08.

Studies of the Arts Public: A Status Report (March 23, 1984). Highlights of the studies conducted of the arts public in the South, using both data from a survey of the adult population in 13 states and an analysis of 3 separate surveys conducted by the Louis Harris and Associates organization which compare South and non-South. In addition, arts participation data is presented from the survey of public participation in the arts covering the entire U.S. population in 1982.

#07.

Artist Employment in 1983 (March 15, 1984). An update for the year 1983 of annual employment data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in January 1984. Also includes information on the revision of the Occupational Classification System, used for the first time by BLS in 1983.

#06.

The Arts in the GNP Revisited (October 20, 1983). An update of information contained in Research Division Note #1, providing both data for 1982 and certain revisions for 1979, 1980 and 1981.

#05.

Artists in the Large Metropolitan Areas (September 5, 1983). Analysis of data from the 1980 Census of Population for the 60 largest Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas where 65% of the American artist labor force lived in 1980.

#04.

Women And Minorities In Artist Occupations (July 4, 1983). Analysis of data from the 1980 Census of Population comparing growth by women and minorities in the artist occupations for the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

#03.

Artists Increase 81% In The 1970s (April 27, 1983). Analysis of data from the 1980 Census of Population covering increases in the artist labor force for the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

#02.

Artist Employment in 1982 (January 24, 1983). Update using the data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in January 1983. Includes analysis and comparison for 1975, 1980 - 1982 for the occupations of actors, architects, authors, dancers, designers, musicians/composers, painters/sculptors, photographers, radio/TV announcers, teachers of art, drama and music, and other artists not elsewhere classified.

#01.

The Arts In The GNP (October 8, 1982). Gross National Product (GNP) data for 1976 - 1981 with analysis of trends on the components for: admissions to nonprofit theaters, opera and other entertainments of nonprofit institutions; admissions to motion picture theaters; purchases of books and maps; purchases of radio and TV receivers, records and musical instruments; and admissions to spectator sports.