Section 203 of the Congressional Accountability
Act (CAA) applies certain rights and protections of the Fair Labor
Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA) to covered employees. These rights
and protections require payment of the minimum wage and overtime
compensation to nonexempt employees, restrict
child labor, and prohibit
sex discrimination in wages paid to men and women.
Except for employees with a specific exemption
or exclusion, all covered employees are entitled to the minimum
wage and to overtime compensation when working over forty hours
in a workweek. Covered employees in a bona fide executive, administrative,
or professional capacity who meet defined
criteria are exempt from the basic wage and hour standards.
There are many employment
practices, such as vacation or sick leave, that the FLSA does
In some instances, compensatory
time off, instead of overtime pay, may be provided for employees
whose work schedules directly
depend on the schedule of the House of Representatives and the
Senate. Certain law
enforcement positions are also covered by these regulations.
The Board of Directors of the Office of Compliance has identified
methods of payment and compensation that may be used for employees
who work irregular or fluctuating hours.
The CAA provides that interns,
as defined in regulations of the Board, are not covered by the Fair
Labor Standards provisions of the CAA. The definition of intern
does not include volunteers, fellows,
The House, Senate, and Instrumentalities of Congress
have all adopted slightly different regulations regarding the implementation
of the FLSA.