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The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Questions and Answers:
Final Federal Sector Complaint Processing Regulations
29 C.F.R. Part 1614

The civil rights laws enforced by the Commission, which prohibit employment discrimination on the bases of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age and disability, as well as retaliation, apply to employment discrimination by the federal government. While the substantive protections for federal employees are the same as those for all other workers, the procedures for resolving complaints of federal employees differ from the procedures which govern claims by employees in the private sector. The federal sector procedural rule approved by the Commission updates and improves the procedures which govern how the discrimination claims of federal employees are processed administratively.

1. Why did the Commission issue these regulations?

2. Did the EEOC consult with its stakeholder communities in determining how to improve its federal sector operations?

3. Who is affected by the changes?

4. Has EEOC expanded the role of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) programs in the federal sector process?

5. Will agencies continue to be able to reverse or modify decisions issued by administrative judges?

6. How much time will agencies have to issue final orders?

7. Will an agency have to provide the complainant with the relief ordered by the administrative judge if the agency chooses not to implement the AJ decision and appeals?

8. What standard of review will EEOC apply on appeal?

9. How do the changes address the problem of the fragmentation of cases?

10. Are there changes to the class complaint process?

11. Can agencies still dismiss complaints for failure to accept a certified offer of full relief?

12. Has EEOC provided another mechanism to encourage complainants to seriously consider settlement offers?

13. Can parties still request reconsideration of an EEOC appellate decision?

14. Who will decide the amount of attorney's fees when the complainant requests a hearing?

15. Will attorney's fees be available for work performed during the pre-complaint process?

16. When will the changes become effective?

17. Will EEOC issue additional guidance to assist the agencies and federal employees come into compliance with the new regulation.

This page was last modified on July 12, 1999.

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