Alternatives to Nursing Home Care
Program of All Inclusive Care for the Elderly(PACE)
PACE is unique. It is an optional benefit under both Medicare and
Medicaid that focuses entirely on older people, who are frail enough
to meet their State's standards for nursing home care. It features
comprehensive medical and social services that can be provided at
an adult day health center, home, and/or inpatient facilities. For
most patients, the comprehensive service package permits them to
continue living at home while receiving services, rather than be
institutionalized. A team of doctors, nurses and other health
professionals assess participant needs, develop care plans, and
deliver all services which are integrated into a complete health care
plan. PACE is available only in States which have chosen to offer
PACE under Medicaid.
Eligible individuals who wish to participate must voluntarily enroll.
PACE enrollees also must:
Be at least 55 years of age.
Live in the PACE service area.
Be screened by a team of doctors, nurses, and other health
Sign and agree to the terms of the enrollment agreements.
PACE offers and manages all of the medical, social and
rehabilitative services their enrollees need to preserve or restore
their independence, to remain in their homes and communities, and
to maintain their quality of life. The PACE service package must
include all Medicare and Medicaid services provided by that State. At
a minimum, there are an additional 16 services that a PACE
organization must provide, e.g., social work, drugs, nursing facility
care. Minimum services that must be provided in the PACE center
include primary care services, social services, restorative therapies,
personal care and supportive services, nutritional counseling,
recreational therapy, and meals. When an enrollee is receiving adult
day care services, these services also include meals and
transportation. Services are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a
week, 365 days a year.
Generally, these services are provided in an adult day health center
setting, but may also include in-home and other referral services
that enrollees may need. This includes such services as medical
specialists, laboratory and other diagnostic services, hospital and
nursing home care.
An enrollee's need is determined by PACE's medical team of care
providers. PACE teams include:
Primary care physicians and nurses.
Physical, occupational, and recreational therapists.
Personal care attendants.
Generally, the PACE team has daily contact with their enrollees.
This helps them to detect subtle changes in their enrollee's
condition and they can react quickly to changing medical, functional,
and psycho-social problems.
PACE receives a fixed monthly payment per enrollee from Medicare
and Medicaid. The amounts are the same during the contract year,
regardless of the services an enrollee may need.
Persons enrolled in PACE also may have to pay a monthly premium,
depending on their eligibility for Medicare and Medicaid.
There are 25 PACE sites and each site has about 200 enrollees.
Limited new sites may be added each year. Sites are available in
the following states. Select a state from the list below for a list of
sites available in that state and the contact phone number and
address for each site.
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