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Technology Administration
THE NATIONAL MEDAL OF TECHNOLOGY RECIPIENTS

1985-2002 Recipients
1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989 | 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993
|
1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000| 2001

 

[2002]
Photo of C. Carter

Calvin H. Carter
Director of Materials Technology
Cree, Inc.
Durham, NC

For his exceptional contributions to the development of silicon carbide wafers, leading to new industries in wide bandgap semiconductors and enabling other new industries in efficient blue, green, and white light, full-color displays, high-power solid-state microwave amplifiers, more efficient/compact power supplies, higher efficiency power distribution/transmission systems, and gemstones.

 

 
Photo of H. Gandhi

Haren S. Gandhi
Ford Technical Fellow
Ford Motor Company
Dearborn, MI

For his research, development, and commercialization of automotive exhaust catalyst technology, shaping the industry from its very beginning and continually pushing to improve the quality of the air we breathe. Also for leading the automotive industry in ensuring the judicious use of precious metals, including conservation measures such as recycling of spent converters and technological advances in precious metal utilization.

 

 
Photo of C. Mead

Carver A. Mead
Gordon and Betty Moore Professor of
Engineering and Applied Science Emeritus
California Institute of Technology
Pasadena, CA

For his pioneering contributions to microelectronics that include spearheading the development of tools and techniques for modern integrated-circuit design, laying the foundation for fabless semiconductor companies, catalyzing the electronic-design automation field, training generations of engineers that have made the United States the world leader in microelectronics technology, and founding more than twenty companies.

 

 
  Team of John J. Mooney & Carl D. Keith:
 

Portrait of J. Mooney
John J. Mooney
Engelhard Corporation (retired)
Wyckoff, NJ

Portrait of C. 				Kieth
Carl D. Keith
Engelhard Corporation (retired)
Marco Island, FL
 

For the invention, application to automobiles, and commercialization of the three-way catalytic converter. Through their persistent efforts, this technology is the key emission-control component in all new light-duty vehicles in the United States and throughout the world.


 
  Team of Nick Holonyak, Jr., M. George Craford, and Russell Dean Dupuis
 

Portrait of N. Holonyak
Nick Holonyak, Jr.
The Bardeen Professor in Electrical Engineering and Physics
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Urbana, IL

Portrait of M. Craford
M. George Craford
Chief Technology Officer
Lumileds Lighting
San Jose, CA
Portrait of R. Dupuis
Russell Dean Dupuis
Professor Steve W. Chaddick Endowed Chair in Electo-Optics
and Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar
Georgia Institute of Technology
Atlanta, GA
 

For contributions to the development and commercialization of light-emitting diode (LED) technology, with applications to digital displays, consumer electronics, automotive lighting, traffic signals, and general illumination.


 
DuPont Logo

DuPont (Division Award)
Wilmington, DE

For policy and technology leadership in the phaseout and replacement of chlorofluorocarbons.

 

 

[2001]
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Photo of J. Ewen

John A. Ewen
President
Catalyst Research Corporation
Houston, Texas

For his basic discoveries and inventions in the field of metallocene catalysis which have revolutionized the production of polyethylene and polypropylene plastics, thereby enhancing American leadership and stimulating the growth of the entire industry.

 

 
  Photo of A. Netravali

Arun N. Netravali
Chief Scientist, Lucent Technologies and Past President of Bell Labs
Lucent Technologies--Bell Labs
Murray Hill, New Jersey

For his leadership in the field of communication systems; for pioneering contributions that transformed TV from analog to digital, enabling numerous integrated circuits, systems and services in broadcast TV, CATV, DBS, HDTV, and multimedia over the Internet; and for technical expertise and leadership, which have kept Bell Labs at the forefront in communications technology.

 

 
  Photo of S. Pestka

Sidney Pestka, M.D.
University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey
Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Piscataway, New Jersey

For pioneering achievements that led to the development of the biotechnology industry, to the first recombinant interferons for the therapy of cancers, leukemias, viral diseases such as hepatitis B and C, and multiple sclerosis, to fundamental technologies leading to other biotherapeutics; and for basic scientific discoveries in chemistry, biochemistry, genetic engineering and molecular biology from protein biosynthesis to receptors and cell signaling.”

 

 
  Photo of J. Woodall

Jerry M. Woodall
Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut

For his pioneeriong role in the research and development of compound semiconductor materials and devices; for the invention and development of technologically and commercially important compound semiconductor heterojunction materials, processes, and related devices, such as light-emitting diodes, lasers, ultra-fast transistors, and solar cells.

 

 
 

The Dow Chemical Company
Midland, Michigan
DOW logo

For leadership in science and technology, for the vision to create great science and innovative technology in the chemical industry, and for the positive impact that commercialization of this technology has had on society.

 

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[2000]

Portrait of Douglas Engelbart

Douglas C. Engelbart
Director, Bootstrap Institute

For creating the foundations of personal computing including continuous, real-time interaction based on cathode-ray tube displays and the mouse, hypertext linking, text editing, on-line journals, shared-screen teleconferencing, and remote collaborative work. More than any other person, he created the personal computing component of the computer revolution.

 

 
  Portrait of Dean Kamen

Dean Kamen
Medical Entrepreneur
DEKA Research &
Development Corp.


For inventions that have advanced medical care worldwide, and for innovative and imaginative leadership in awakening America to the excitement of science and technology. At age 49 this self-made inventor has founded three medical device companies and earned more than 100 U.S. and foreign patents. And he still has found time to start and run a national youth organization and robotics competition to catch young imaginations and start their inventive potential humming.

 

 
  Corning Team
 

Portrait of Donald B. Keck
Donald B. Keck
Division VP and
Technology Director, Optical Physics Technology Group,
Corning, Inc.

Portrait of Robert D. Maurer
Robert D. Maurer
Corning Research Fellow (Retired)
Portrait of Peter C. Schultz
Peter C. Schultz
President
Heraeus Amersil, Inc.
 

 

In 1970, Drs. Donald Keck, Robert Maurer, and Peter Schultz teamed up at the Corning Glass Corporation to co-invent low-loss fiber optic cable. Their invention has enabled the telecommunications revolution, rapidly transformed our society, the way we work, learn and live - and our expectations for the future. It is the basis for one of the largest, most dynamic industries in the world today.

 

 
 

The IBM Corporation (Division Award)
photo of a computer

For 40 years of innovations in the technology of hard disk drives and information storage products. IBM is widely recognized as the world's leader in basic data storage technologies, and holds over 2000 US patents. IBM is a top innovator of component technologies-such as flying magnetic heads (thin film heads, and magneto resistive heads), film disks, head accessing systems, digital signal processing and coding, as well as innovative hard disk drive systems. Some specific IBM inventions are used in every modern hard drive today: thin film inductive heads, MR and GMR heads, rotary actuators, sector servos and advanced disk designs. These advances outran foreign hard disk technology and enabled the US industry to maintain the lead it holds today.

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[1999]
  [G. Culler image]Glen Culler, Chief Scientist and Chairman of the Board (retired), Culler Scientific Systems Corporation
For pioneering innovations in multiple branches of computing, including early efforts in digital speech processing, invention of the first on-line system for interactive graphical mathematics computing and pioneering work on the ARPAnet.

[R. Kurzweil image] Raymond Kurzweil, Founder, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Kurzweil Technologies, Inc.
For pioneering and innovative achievements in computer science such as voice recognition, which have overcome many barriers and enriched the lives of disabled persons and all Americans.

[R. Swanson image] Robert Swanson (Posthumous Award), Chairman of K&E Management, Ltd.
For his foresight and leadership in recognizing the commercial promise of recombinant DNA technology and his seminal role in the establishment and development of the biotechnology industry.



Robert Taylor (retired)
For visionary leadership in the development of modern computing technology, including computer networks, the personal computer and the graphical user interface.

[Symbol Technologies image] Symbol Technologies, Inc. For creating the global market for laser bar code scanning and for technical innovation and practical application of mobile computing and wireless local area network technologies.




 

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[1998]
  [D. Cooley image] Denton A. Cooley, M.D.
Texas Heart Institute, Texas Medical Center

For his inspirational skill, leadership, and technical accomplishments during six decades practicing cardiovascular surgery, including performing the first successful human heart transplant in the United States and the world’s first implantation of an artificial heart in man as a bridge to heart transplantation; and for founding the Texas Heart Institute, which has served more heart patients than any other institution in the world.

 

  Robert Fraley, Robert Horsch, Ernest Jaworski, Stephen Rogers, Monsanto Corp.
For their pioneering achievements in plant biology and agricultural biotechnology, and for global leadership in the development and commercialization of genetically modified crops to enhance agricultural productivity and sustainability.
  [R. Fraley image] [R. HORSCH image] [E. JAWORSKI image] [S. ROGERS image]
  [K. THOMPSON image]

 

 

Kenneth L. Thompson, Bell Laboratories and Dennis M. Ritchie, Lucent Technologies
For their invention of UNIX® operating system and the C programming language, which together have led to enormous growth of an entire industry, thereby enhancing American leadership in the Information Age.

 

[D. RITCHIE image]
 

Biogen, Inc.
For its leadership in applying breakthroughs in biology to the development of lifesaving and life-enhancing pharmaceutical products designed to treat large, previously underserved patient populations throughout the world, including development of hepatitis B vaccines, the first vaccines using recominant DNA technology.

 

  Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
For extending and enhancing human life through innovative pharmaceutical research and development, and for redefining the science of clinical study through groundbreaking and hugely complex clinical trials that are recognized models in the industry.
   

The National Medal of Technology is the nation's highest honor for technological innovation. Administered by the Commerce Department's Office of Technology Policy, the Medal recognizes American innovators whose intellect, creativity, and brilliance in spanning the continuum from discovery to market have made profound and lasting contributions to the nation's economy and quality of life. The President of the United States first presented this prestigious award in 1985.


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[1997]
  Norman R. Augustine
Lockheed Martin Corporation

For visionary leadership of the aerospace industry, for championing technical and managerial solutions to the many challenges in civil and defense systems, and for contributions to the United States world preeminence in aerospace.

Ray M. Dolby
Dolby Laboratories Inc.

For inventing technologies that have dramatically improved sound recording and reproduction, fostering their adoption worldwide, and maintaining a vision that for more than 30 years has kept the world listening.

Robert S. Ledley
Georgetown University Medical Center

For pioneering contributions to biomedical computing and engineering, including inventing the whole-body CT scanner which revolutionized the practice of radiology, and for his role in developing automated chromosome analysis for prenatal diagnosis of birth defects.

Vinton Gray Cerf, MCI and Robert E. Kahn, Corporation for National Research Initiatives
For creating and sustaining development of Internet Protocols and continuing to provide leadership in the emerging industry of internetworking.

 

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[1996]
  Ronald H. Brown (Posthumous Award)
U.S. Secretary of Commerce, 1993-1996

For his vision of American global technological leadership, his tireless advocacy of research and development for economic growth and higher living standards for all, and his energetic efforts to champion the innovative spirit of the American people.

Johnson & Johnson
For a century of continuous innovation in research, development and commercialization of products that are critical in the management of disease, improvement of quality of life, reduction of health care costs and fostering of U.S. global competitiveness.

Charles H. Kaman, Kaman Corporation
For his pioneering work in the field of rotary-wing flight, his unique capacity for successful technology transfer from defense to commercial use, and for fostering a corporate environment in which diverse technological achievements flourish and new businesses are created.

Stephanie L. Kwolek, DuPont Company (Ret.)
For her contributions to the discovery, development and liquid crytstal processing of high-performance aramid fibers which provide new products worldwide to save lives and benefit humankind.

James C. Morgan, Applied Materials, Inc.
For his leadership of 20 years developing the U.S. semiconductor manufacturing equipment industry, and for his vision in building Applied Materials, Inc. into the leading equipment company in the world, a major exporter and a global technology pioneer which helps enable Information Age technologies for the benefit of society.

Peter H. Rose, Krytek Corporation
For his vision and outstanding leadership in the development and commercialization of ion implantation products that make possible the manufacture of modern semiconductors; and for his success in establishing and maintaining U.S. global leadership in the implantation equipment industry.

 

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[1995]
  Edward R. McCracken, Silicon Graphics, Inc.
For his groundbreaking work in the areas of affordable 3D visual computing and super computing technologies; and for his technical and leadership skills in building Silicon Graphics, Inc., into a global advanced technology company.

IBM Team: Praveen Chaudhari, IBM TJ Watson Research Center, Jerome J. Cuomo, North Carolina State University (Formerly with IBM) and Richard J. Gambino, State University of New York at Stony Brook (Formerly with IBM)
For the discovery and development of a new class of materials-the amorphous magnetic materials-that are the basis of erasable, read-write, optical storage technology, now the foundation of the worldwide magnetic-optic disk industry.

The Proctor & Gamble Company
For creating, developing and applying advanced technologies to consumer products which have strengthened the American economy while helping to improve the quality of life for millions of consumers worldwide.

3M
For its many innovations over decades, producing thousands of successfully commercialized products, from the unique optical film that revolutionized the design of laptop computer screens to breakthrough technologies that make possible the ubiquitous "Post-It¨ Repositionable Notes. For aggressive international expansion producing nearly half of 3M's $14 billion in sales, including $1.5 billion in U.S. exports. And for creating 86,000 jobs worldwide, including 48,000 in the U.S.

Sam B. Williams, Williams International
For his unequaled achievements as a gifted inventor, tenacious entrepreneur, risk-taker and engineering genius in making the USA number one in small gas turbine engine technology and competitiveness, and for his leadership and vision in revitalizing the U.S. general aviation business jet and trainer jet aircraft industry.

Alejandro Zaffaroni, Alza Corporation, Affymax N. V.
For his pioneering accomplishments in the field of drug discovery, commercializing novel technologies for drug discovery and drug delivery; for his visionary leadership in combining diverse disciplines to develop technologies and products to provide a new dimension to individual health and the changing needs of the pharmaceutical industry.

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[1994]
  AMGEN
For its leadership in developing innovative and important commercial therapeutics based on advances in cellular and molecular biology for delivery to critically ill patients throughout the world.

Corning Inc.
For a series of technological innovations yielding a wide range of extraordinary products, from pollution control materials to space shuttle windows. For life changing and life enhancing inventions which made possible entire new industries - lighting, television and optical communications.

Joel S. Engel, Ameritech, Inc. and Richard Frenkiel, AT&T Consumer Products
For his fundamental contributions to the theory, design and development of cellular mobile communications systems.

H. Joseph Gerber, Gerber Scientific, Inc.
For his past and continuing technical leadership in the invention, development and commercialization of manufacturing automation systems for a wide variety of industries - most notably apparel - which have made those industries more efficient and cost effective in today's worldwide competitive environment.

Irwin M. Jacobs, Qualcomm, Inc.
For his vision, innovation and leadership in the field of digital wireless communications over the past 25 years; and for his development of Code Division Multiple Access as a commercial technology adopted as a U.S. digital cellular standard providing increased capacity, quality and services and greatly enhancing the U.S. position in the international telecommunications marketplace.

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[1993]
  Amos E. Joel, Jr., AT&T Bell Laboratories
For his vision, inventiveness and perseverance in introducing technological advances in telecommunications, particularly in switching, that have had a major impact on the evolution of the telecommunications industry in the U.S. and worldwide.

William H. Joyce, Union Carbide Corp.
For his vision and entrepreneurial talents, along with his technology and business leadership, in creating and commercializing a process (UNIPOL) that revolutionized the production of plastics.

George Kozmetsky, IC2 Institute
For his commercialization of various technologies through the establishment and development of over one hundred technology-based companies that employ tens of thousands of people and export over one billion dollars worldwide.

George Levitt, Du Pont Corp. and Marinus Los, American Cyanamid Corp.
For their independent contribution to the discovery and commercialization of environmentally friendly herbicides to help ensure an abundant food supply for a growing world population.

Hans W. Liepmann, Cal Tech University
For his outstanding research contributions to the field of fluid mechanics and for his devotion for over 40 years to the education of the world's leaders in aeronautical engineering.

William D. Manly, Martin Marietta Energy Systems and ORNL
For his outstanding success in the development and processing of advanced high-temperature and high-performance materials, and the transfer of this technology to a variety of American industries.

Kenneth H. Olsen, Digital Equipment Corp.
For his contributions to the development and use of computer technology; and for his entrepreneurial contribution to American business.

Walter L. Robb, General Electric Corp.
For his leadership in the development and commercialization of new medical imaging technologies and related manufacturing initiatives both of which have improved people's health and contributed to U.S. global leadership in a high-technology industry.

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[1992]
  William H. Gates, III., Microsoft Corp.
For his early vision of universal computing at home and in the office; for his technical and business management skills in creating a world-wide technology company; and for his contribution to the development of the personal computer industry.

W. Lincoln Hawkins, AT&T Bell Laboratories
For his invention and contribution to the commercialization of long-lived plastic coatings for communications cable that has saved billions of dollars for telephone companies around the world; and for his leadership in encouraging minorities to pursue science and engineering careers.

Joseph M. Juran, Juran Institute
For his lifetime work of providing the key principles and methods by which enterprises manage the quality of their products and processes, enhancing their ability to compete in the global marketplace.

Chaarles D. Kelman, M.D., P.C.
For his innovations in cataract surgical technology resulting in reduced rehabilitation time for millions of Americans, significant savings, and the creation of a new industry.

Merck & Co., Inc.
For sustained innovation focusing on the discovery, development and worldwide commercialization of superior human and animal health products while maintaining proper concern for the environment.

Delbert H. Meyer, AMOCO Chemical Co.
For his discovery of the process for making purified terephthalic acid (PTA), the key building block in the production of polyester, which resulted in greatly accelerated growth of polyester products such as fabrics, recording tape, tire cord, food packaging and bottles.

Paul B. Weisz, University of Pennsylvania and MOBIL Corp.
For his basic discoveries and management in the field of zeolite catalysis, in conjunction with his colleagues at Mobil Corporation, leading to chemical and petroleum technologies now producing products valued at billions of dollars per year.

N. Joseph Woodland, International Business Machines Corp.
For his invention and contribution to the commercialization of bar code technology which improved productivity in every industrial sector and gave rise to the bar code industry.

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[1991]
  Stephen D. Bechtel, Jr. Bechtel Group, Inc.
For his outstanding leadership in the engineering profession with special recognition for his contributions to the development and application of advanced management techniques to world-class industrial projects.

C. Gordon Bell, Stardent Computers
For his continuing intellectual and industrial achievements in the field of computer design; and for his leading role in establishing cost-effective, powerful computers which serve as a significant tool for engineering, science and industry.

Geoffrey Boothroyd and Peter Dewhurst, University of Rhode Island
For their concept, development and commercialization of Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DFMA), which has dramatically reduced costs, improved product quality and enhanced the competitiveness of major U.S. manufacturers.

John Cocke, International Business Machines Corp.
For his development and implementation of Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) architecture that significantly increased the speed and efficiency of computers, thereby enhancing U.S. technological competitiveness.

Carl Djerassi, Stanford University
For his broad technological contributions to solving environmental problems; and for his initiatives in developing novel, practical approaches to insect control products that are biodegradable and harmless.

James J. Duderstadt, University of Michigan
For his excellence in the development and implementation of strategies for engineering education; and for his successes in bringing women and minorities into the Nation's technological work force.

Robert W. Galvin, Motorola, Inc.
For advancement of the American electronics industry through continuous technological innovation, establishing Motorola as a world-class electronics manufacturer.

Grace Murray Hopper, U.S. Navy (RET.)/Digital Equipment Corp.
For her pioneering accomplishments in the development of computer programming languages that simplified computer technology and opened the door to a significantly larger universe of users.

F. Kenneth Iverson, Nucor, Inc.
For his concept of producing steel in minimills using revolutionary slabcasting technology that has revitalized the American steel industry.

Frederick M. Jones and Joseph A. Numero, Thermo King, a subsidiary of Westinghouse Electric Corp.
For their development of refrigeration technology for trucks, trailers, boxcars, ships and planes which revolutionized the preservation and distribution of food and other perishables; and for their development of a worldwide sales and service network.

The Pegasus Team: Orbital Sciences Corporation and Hercules, Inc., David W. Thompson, Antonio L. Elias, David S. Hollingsworth and Robert R. Lovell
For their invention, development, and production of the Pegasus rocket, the world's first privately developed space launch vehicle, that has opened the door to greater commercial, scientific and defense uses.

Charles R. Reed, General Electric Co.
For his management risk-taking in continuous innovation leading General Electric Company to world-class production of advanced engineering materials.

John Paul Stapp, U.S. Air Force (Ret.)/Space Center
For his research on the effects of mechanical force on living tissues leading to safety developments in crash protection technology for automobiles, aircraft, trains, manned space flight and other modes of transportation.

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[1990]
  John V. Atanasoff, Iowa State University (Ret.)
For his invention of the electronic digital computer and for contributions toward the development of a technically trained U.S. work force.

Marvin Camras, Illinois Institute of Technology
For the development and commercialization of magnetic recording resulting in the creation of a new industry with over 125 licenses producing products such as audio and video cassettes, broadcast sound video, tapes and discs for computer memories, and magnetic sound for motion pictures.

The Du Pont Company
For pioneering the development and commercialization of high-performance man-made polymers such as nylon, neoprene rubber, "Teflon" fluorocarbon resin, and a wide spectrum of new fibers, films, and engineering plastics which have strengthened America's global competitiveness and benefited humankind.

Donald N. Frey, Northwestern University
For his management of a wide range of commercial applications of new technology while serving as a senior executive in different industries; and for subsequent teaching and research, as a Professor of Industrial Engineering and Management Science, on the principles of technology commercialization.

Fred W. Garry, General Electric Corp.
For the design, manufacture and commercialization of high performance jet engines that lead the world in performance, efficiency, life-cycle cost, and minimal environmental impact; and for his leadership in establishing a technical information exchange and manufacturing alliances assuring the United States continuing global leadership in both commercial and military aircraft engines.

Wilson Greatbach, Wilson Greatbach, Inc.
For invention, development and introduction into clinical usage of the implantable cardiac pacemaker resulting in saving over two million lives. This subsequently led to the development and commercialization of lithium batteries which greatly enhanced longevity and reliability of pacemakers and implantable devices.

Jack St. Clair Kilby, Jack Kilby Co.
For his invention and contributions to the commercialization of the integrated circuit and the silicon thermal print-head; for his contributions to the development of the first computer using integrated circuits; and for the invention of the hand-held calculator, and gate array.

John S. Mayo, AT&T Bell Laboratories
For providing the technological foundation for information-age communications, and for overseeing the conversion of the national switched telephone network from analog to a digital-based technology for virtually all long-distance calls both nationwide and between continents.

Gordon E. Moore, Intel Corp.
For his seminal leadership in bringing American industry the two major postwar innovations in microelectronics - large-scale integrated memory and the microprocessor - that have fueled the information revolution.

David B. Pall, Pall Corporation
For patenting and commercializing over 100 filtration and other fluid clarification products which have contributed significantly to society in safety of flight, upgrading of industrial products and processes and improved safety of blood transfusions; and for building Pall Corporation into a global company with 60 percent of sales outside the United States, primarily in Europe and Japan.

Chauncey Starr, Electric Power Research Institute
For his original contributions to energy production and policy; for pioneering in nuclear power; for developing risk assessment and risk management concepts; for organizing the Electric Power Research Institute, a consortium; for leadership in engineering education and contributions to a technically trained U.S. work force.

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[1989]
  Jay W. Forrester, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Robert R. Everett, The MITRE Corp.
For their creative work in developing the technologies and applying computers to real-time applications. Their important contributions proved vital to national and free world defense and opened a new era of world business.

Helen Edwards, Richard A. Lundy, J. Richie Orr and Alvin Tollestrup, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
For their contributions to the design, construction and initial operation of the TEVATRON particle accelerator. The scientific instrument was designed to explore the fundamental properties of matter. The innovative design and successful operation of the TEVATRON has been crucial to the design of the Superconducting Super Collider, the planned next generation particle accelerator.

Herbert W. Boyer, University of California, San Francisco and Stanley N. Cohen, Stanford University Medical Center
For their fundamental invention of gene splicing techniques allowing replication in quantity of biomedically important new products, and beneficially transformed plant materials. This discovery of recombinant DNA technology has transformed the basic science of molecular biology and the biotechnology industry.

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[1988]
  John L. Atwood, Rockwell Internsational Corp.
For distinguished leadership, technical competence and integrity in the technological advancement of aviation and space travel.

Arnold O. Beckman, Beckman Instruments and Smithkline Beckman Corp.
For exceptional creativity in designing analytical instruments that are recognized as the best in the world and for developing a successful business whose products have helped to keep the United States in the forefront of chemistry, chemical engineering and biotechnology.

Paul M. Cook, Raychem Corp.
For his vision and entrepreneurial efforts, his technical accomplishments and his business and technical leadership as the key contributor in creating a worlwide chemically based industry.

Raymond Damadian, FONAR Corporation and Paul C. Lauterbur, The University of Illinois
For their independent contributions in conceiving and developing the application of magnetic resonance technology to medical uses including whole body scanning and diagnostic imaging.

Robert H. Dennard, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
For invention of the basic one-transistor dynamic memory cell used worldwide in virtually all modern computers.

Harold E. Edgerton, EG&G Corporation & Massachusetts Intitute of Technology
For the invention of the electronic stroboscopic flash and for finding a multitude of applications for it within science, technology and industry.

Clarence L. Johnson, Lockheed Corp
For his outstanding achievements in the design of a series of commercial, military, and reconnaissance aircraft that incorporated a wide range of technological advancements, and for his innovative management techniques which helped develop and produce these aircraft in record time and at a minimum cost.

Edwin H. Land, Polaroid Corporation and the Rowland Institute for Science
For the invention, development and marketing of instant photography.

David Packard, Hewlett-Packard Company
For extraordinary and unselfish leadership in both industry and government, particularly in widely diversified technological fields which strengthened the competitiveness and defense capabilities of the United States.

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[1987]
  Joseph V. Charyk, Communications Satellite Corp.
For employment of the concept of the geosynchronous communications satellite systems as the basis for a global telecommunications system, established by international agreement, and for his guidance in the development and growth of the intelsat system, which today services over 150 nations and territories.

W. Edwards Deming
For his forceful promotion of statistical methodology, for his contributions to sampling theory and for his advocacy to corporations and nations of a general management philosophy that has resulted in improved product quality with consequent betterment of products available to users as well as more efficient corporate performance.

John F. Franz, Monsanto Corp.
For his discovery of the herbicidal properties of glyphosates which have had significant consequences upon the production of agricultural food and fiber as well as upon agricultural practices throughout the world.

Robert N. Noyce, Intel Corp
For his inventions in the field of semiconductor integrated circuits, for his leading role in the establishment of the microprocessor which has led to much wider use of more powerful computers, and for his leadership of research and development in these areas, all of which have had profound consequences both in the United States and throughout the world.

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[1986]
  Bernard Gordon, Analogic Corp.
Father of high-speed analog-to-digital conversion which has been applied to medical, analytical, computer and communications products; founder of two companies with over 2,000 employees and over $100 million in annual sales and creator of a new masters level institute located in Massachusetts to teach engineering leadership and project engineering toengineers.

Reynold B. Johnson, International Business Machines Corp.
Introduction and development of magnetic disk storage for computers that provided access to virtually unlimited amounts of information in fractions of a second and is the basis for time sharing systems and storage of millions of records. Over $10 billion in annual sales and over 100,000 jobs arose from this development.

William C. Norris, Control Data Corp.
Advancement of micro electronics and computer technology and creation of one of the Fortune 500 - Control Data Corporation - which has over $5 billion in annual sales and over 50,000 employees.

Frank N. Piasecki, Piasecki Aircraft Corp.
Development of the tandem rotor helicopter (Flying Banana), the compound aircraft (an innovative VTOL design), and other contributions to vertical lift aircraft, as well as creation of what has become the Boeing Vertol Company with annual sales over $500 million and over 6,000 employees.

Stanley D. Stookey, Corning Glass Works
Invention of glass-ceramics (used in Corning Wear, missile nose cones, and capacitors), of photosensitive glass (used in architectural effects), of photochromic glass (used in eyeglasses which darken and fade in response to light), and of photo-etchible glass. Over $500 million in annual sales and over 10,000 jobs have resulted from his developments.

Francis Versnyder, United Technologies Corp.
The development and application of directionally solidified and single crystal turbine components which improve fuel efficiencies and maintenance requirements for jet aircraft engines, both commercial and military, and which contribute to United States leadership in their production. These developments have saved commercial airlines alone hundreds of millions of dollars.

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[1985]
  AT&T Bell Laboratories
For contribution over decades to modern communication systems.

Frederick P. Brooks, Jr., Erich Bloch and Bob O. Evans
International Business Machines Corp.

For their contributions to the development of the hardware, architecture and systems engineering associated with the IBM System/360, a computer system and technologies which revolutionized the data processing industry and which helped to make the United States dominant in computer technology for many years.

Steven P. Jobs and Stephen Wozniak, Apple Computer, Inc.
For their development and introduction of the personal computer which has sparked the birth of a new industry extending the power of the computer to individual users.

Marvin M. Johnson, Phillips Petroleum Company
For his discovery and development of metal passivating agents for catalytic cracking catalysts which have become economically effective methods permitting refineries to process crude oils with higher metal contents, particularly heavy crude oil types, and have contributed to United States' competitiveness in this technological area.

Ralph Landau, Halcon-Scientific Design Group
For his technical, leadership and entrepreneurial roles in the development of commercially successful petrochemical processes which have been licensed or jointly developed and have helped maintain U.S. leadership in petrochemical processing.

John T. Parsons and Frank L. Stulen, John T. Parsons Company
For their development and successful demonstration of the numerically-controlled machine tool for the production of three-dimensional shapes, which has been essential for the production of commercial airliners and which is seminal for the growth of the robotics, CAD-CAM, and automated manufacturing industries.

Harold A. Rosen and Allen E. Puckett, Hughes Aircraft Corp
For their technological contributions and leadership in the initiation and development of geostationary communications satellites, significantly improving worldwide communications and giving the United States international preeminence in the construction of commercial satellites.

Joseph F. Sutter, Boeing Commercial Airplane Corp.
For his technical and managerial contributions to the development and introduction of generations of jet-powered commercial aircraft which have made the United States the predominant supplier of passenger transport aircraft.




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Date created: September 25, 2002