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Instructions for Requesting Information

The Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C., Section 552), enables any individual to obtain Federal agency records, not otherwise accessible. The records may be protected from disclosure (in whole or in part) if they fall under one of the nine exemptions within the law.

Submitting a FOIA Request

Submit a FOIA request by mail or fax. The request must be in writing. AHCPR does not accept requests via telephone or E-mail.

Attn: Nancy Comfort
Freedom of Information Officer
Office of Communications and Knowledge Transfer
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research
540 Gaither Road, Room 2222
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone: (301) 427-1866
Fax: (301) 427-1873

Identify the record(s) that you are seeking. It is helpful if you are as specific as possible. This will enable us to process your request in a reasonable time frame; otherwise we may have to ask you to clarify your request. After receipt of your request, we will send you an acknowledgment letter.


The FOIA permits us to assess fees for search, review, and duplication. We assume that you are willing to pay the fees accessed for processing your request. You may specify in your request the amount you are willing to pay. If the fees exceed that amount, the Agency will notify you before filling the request.

The fees are assessed according to the category of requester. The categories are:

  1. Commercial requesters.
  2. Educational and scientific institutions and news media.
  3. All others.

Commercial requesters are charged for search, review, and duplication.

The scientific, educational, and news media requesters are charged for duplication only. The first 100 pages are free.

All other requesters are charged for search and duplication, after the first 2 hours of search time and the the first 100 pages, which are free. Requesters will be billed if the total processing fees are $25 or more.

The FOIA allows the Agency to waive fees if the requester can show that disclosure would be in the public interest by:

  1. Contributing to the public understanding of Government operations and activities.
  2. Not primarily of commercial interest to the requester.

FOIA Process

When the agency receives your request, it will be logged in and assigned a case number.

We will try to handle your request within 20 working days from the date we receive it. Depending on the type of record(s) you request, it may take longer. Requests are processed on a first-come, first-serve basis.

Expedited Process

We will provide expedited processing when the disclosure of records demonstrate a compelling need such as:

  1. Life threatening or physical safety.
  2. A member of the media demonstrates an urgency to inform the public about Government activities.

Your request will be expedited if the records are needed to meet a deadline imposed by a Government agency for comments on a proposed regulation or for a litigation.

Your request must meet these reasons in order for your request to be expedited.


If the Agency determines to deny records in whole or in part, we will write to you and inform you of our decision. We will explain the reason(s) for withholding the information in accordance with the nine exemptions. We will inform you of your appeal rights.

FOIA Exemptions

Exemption 1: Classified Documents

This exemption permits the withholding of properly classified document(s). The document(s) are classified by an Executive Order to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy.

Classified documents can be requested under the FOIA. The Agency will review the document(s) to determine whether or not it still requires protection. The Executive Order on Security Classification establishes a special procedure for requesting the declassification of documents. If a document is declassified, it can be released in response to a FOIA request. However, a document that is declassified still may be exempt under other FOIA exemptions.

Exemption 2: Internal Personnel Rules and Practices

This exemption permits the withholding of the Agency's internal personnel rules and practices.

Information pertaining to personnel rules or internal Agency practices is exempt if it is a trivial administrative matter of no genuine public interest.

Internal administrative manuals can be exempt if disclosure would risk circumvention of law or Agency regulations. Manuals instructing inspectors or agents on how to perform their jobs are not exempt.

Exemption 3: Information Exempt by Other Laws

This exemption covers documents and information specifically exempted from disclosure by other laws if one of two disjunctive requirements are met. The statute either:

  1. Requires that the matters be withheld from the public in such a manner as to leave no discretion on the issue.
  2. Establishes particular criteria for withholding or refers to particular types of matters to be withheld.

Exemption 4: Confidential, Commercial, and Financial Information

This exemption protects trade secrets and commercial or financial information obtained from a person and privileged or confidential.

The Government must prove that the information is confidential and that disclosure would either impair the Agency's ability to obtain necessary information in the future or cause substantial competitive harm to the submitter.

The Agency will notify a submitter that a FOIA request has come in concerning the business information submitted and the submitter will have an opportunity to convey to the Agency the information they feel qualifies for withholding.

Exemption 5: Internal Government Communications

This exemption protects the deliberative policymaking process of the Government. It does not protect factual information related to the policy process. Factual information must be released unless it is intertwined with protected information about an Agency decision.

Exemption 6: Personal Privacy

This exemption protects personnel, medical, and similar files, the disclosure of which would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy. It involves a balancing of the public's need to know against the degree of invasion of privacy which would result from disclosure.

Exemption 7: Law Enforcement

This exemption protects law enforcement records, but only to the extent that the production of such records would:

  1. Interfere with enforcement proceedings
  2. Deprive a person of a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication.
  3. Constitute an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.
  4. Disclose the identity of a confidential source and, in the case of a record compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the course of a criminal investigation, or by an agency conducting a lawful national security intelligence investigation, confidential information furnished only the the confidential source.
  5. Disclose investigative techniques and procedures.
  6. Endanger the life or physical safety of law enforcement personnel.

Exemption 8: Financial Institutions

This exemption protects information that is contained in or related to examination, operating, or condition reports prepared by or for a bank supervisory agency such as the Federal Reserve, the New York Stock Exchange, or similar agencies.

Exemption 9: Geological Information

This exemption protects disclosure of geological and geophysical information and data, including maps concerning wells.

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