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Public/Private Partnerships III
Implementing Successful Public/Private Partnerships in Transportation

February 2002

Michael A. Rossetti

U.S. Department of Transportation
Research and Special Programs Administration
Volpe National Transportation Systems Center
Transportation Strategic Planning and Analysis Division
Cambridge, Massachusetts

Table of Contents
Executive Summary
I. Introduction to Public/private Partnerships in Transportation
  1. Introduction
    1. Overview of this Document
      1. PPPs in U.S. History
    2. Findings of Earlier PPP Reports
      1. Findings of Public/Private Partnerships: Implications for Innovation in Transportation
      2. Findings of Public/Private Partnerships II Engines for Innovation in Transportation
    3. Background Conditions and Characteristics of Transportation Partnerships
      1. R&D Partnership Activity in the Department of Transportation
      2. Reasons for Partnerships
    4. Partnership Models
    5. Financial Structures
    6. Attributes of Successful PPPs
  2. Symposium on Implementing Successful Public/Private Partnerships in Transportation
    1. Objectives of the Symposium
II. What are PPPs, and why do they need a Paradigm?
  1. Why Partnerships? Setting the Tone and Gaining Perspective
    1. Definitions, Paradigms, and Other Utopian Visions
      1. PPPs as Instruments of Policy
      2. Program Structure and the Behavior of Organizations
      3. The Ethereal Level: Selling PPPs as a Budget Item
      4. Federal Roles and Federal Inaction
    2. Surface Transportation as the Last Great Socialist Monopoly?
      1. PPP Trends at the Project Level for the Last 15 Years
      2. Evolution in Increased Private Sector Roles, Risk, and Rewards
      3. Project Partnership Arrangements and Models
      4. Federal Finance Tools
      5. Definition of a PPP and Roles of the Sectors
      6. PPP Frontier Challenges: An Agenda for Actions
    3. The National Council for Public/Private Partnerships (NCPPP)
      1. Fear Factors - Overcoming Change and Resistance
      2. Are PPPs as New as We Think?
      3. Climate for Partnerships under the New Administration – A-76 Revision
      4. Essential Components of PPP Success
    4. Partnership Roles within NOAA’s OFCM: Shared Responsibility for Tasks and Missions
      1. OFCM Scope and the Conceptual Basis of Partnerships
      2. Interdepartmental Hurricane Conference
      3. Weather Information for Surface Transportation (WIST)
III. Successful Partnerships: Bridging the Weather and transportation Communities
  1. Benefits of Weather Partnerships to the Transportation Community
    1. Galvanizing ITS Advances with Weather: Foretell, CARS, and RATIS
      1. Recurrent Issues Common to Many Partnerships
      2. The Foretell Partnership and the Evolution of Rural ITS Decision Support Systems
      3. Condition and Acquisition Reporting System (CARS) – Real-Time Highway Information
      4. Rural Advanced Traveler Information System (RATIS)
    2. Advanced Transportation Weather Information System (ATWIS)
      1. Goals and Characteristics of ATWIS
      2. Core Enabling Technologies
      3. Coalitions with the Private Sector
      4. A Foundation for Successful Partnerships
      5. Sustainability Issues
      6. Summary Comments on Building Public/Private Partnerships
    3. Aviation Weather Partnerships with MIT/Lincoln Laboratory
      1. FFRDCs and Partnerships: Private or Public?
      2. The Direct Government Technology Transfer Model
      3. Cooperative Research and Development Agreements
      4. Small Business Technology Transfer
      5. Important Lessons
    4. Other Aviation Weather Research Partnerships
      1. Center for Wind, Ice and Fog Research (CWIFR) at the Mount Washington Observatory, New Hampshire
      2. Weather Support to Deicing Decision Making (WSDDM)
      3. CRADA with Harris Corporation
      4. San Francisco International Airport Marine Stratus Project
      5. Some Other Aviation Partnerships
IV. Obstacles to Public/private Partnerships
  1. Financing, Governance, and Legal Barriers
    1. Lessons Learned from 10 Years of Public/Private Partnerships: NAVC
    2. Partnering Relationships and Legal Considerations
      1. A Legal Definition of Partnerships
    3. Building Consensus for Transportation Partnerships: Activities of the Consensus Building Institute(CBI)
    4. Views of a Venture Capitalist (VC) – the Profit Motive
      1. Can Venture Capitalists Help Public/Private Partnerships?
    5. Dinner Speaker: David Forsberg
      1. Doing the Public Good: Partnerships, Economic Development, and Jobs Creation
      2. The Brownfields Initiative
      3. Central Business District Project
      4. CenTech Park
      5. Transportation is Critical to Success
      6. Partnerships and the "Big Dig"
      7. Final Words
V. Challenges and Opportunities
  1. Kelly Air Force Base Redevelopment Partnerships
    1. Kelly Air Force Base Background
    2. Conceptual Basis of the Kelly Partnership - Trying a New Paradigm
    3. Environmental Cleanup of Kelly, and Superfund Concerns
    4. Unexpected Developments and Changes in Strategy
    5. Property Transfer Issue
    6. Safety Violations at the Base
    7. Renegotiating the Purchase Price and Terms, and Selling the Utilities
    8. Inventive Management and Financing - the Marketing of Kelly
    9. Kelly Redevelopment - the EG&G-Kelly Partnership Model
    10. Role of Education at Kelly
    11. The Kelly Inland Port Initiative
    12. Audience Questions
  2. Stimulating the Community to Participate in Weather Partnerships
    1. Weather Products are Important to Many Economic Sectors
    2. 1991 Public/Private Partnership and Policy Statement
    3. Current Business Environment
    4. Changes Impacting Transportation
    5. Successful Programs Build Bridges
    6. Future Challenges and Opportunities
  3. AGATE and the Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS)
    1. U.S. General Aviation Redux
    2. Gridlock, Hublock, and Inaccessibility
    3. A New Generation of Cockpits, Propulsion, and Aircraft?
VI. Summary and Future Actions
  1. What Do We Mean by a Partnership?
  2. Barriers are Still the Big Issue
  3. The Message about "Best Practices" is to Keep on Working and Persevering
    1. The Nimble Non-Profit
    2. Life-Cycle Issues
  4. What Makes Partnerships Successful?
  5. Next Steps – Where Do We Go from Here?
    1. Producing a Favorable Environment for Development and Growth


Appendix A. Related Information and Links

Appendix B. Symposium Agenda

  1. Implementing Successful Public/Private Partnerships in Transportation May 15-16, 2001

Appendix C. List of Attendees

Appendix D. Speaker Biographies in Program Order

  1. Dr. Richard R. John, Director, Volpe National Transportation Systems Center
  2. Edward A. Brigham, Acting Deputy Administrator, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration
  3. Robert A. Knisely, Consultant
  4. Steve Lockwood, Vice President, Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas
  5. Richard Norment, Executive Director, National Council on Public/Private Partnerships
  6. Samuel P. Williamson, Federal Coordinator for Meteorology, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), U.S. Department of Commerce
  7. Peter Davies, Castle Rock Consultants
  8. Leon Osborne, University of North Dakota
  9. Robert Hallowell, MIT/Lincoln Laboratory
  10. Sheila Lynch, Executive Director, Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium
  11. Michael H. Filipiak, MHF Associates
  12. David Glater, Chief Counsel, Volpe National Transportation Systems Center
  13. David Fairman, Vice President for International Programs, Consensus Building Institute
  14. David P. Forsberg, Chair, Massachusetts Turnpike Authority, and President, Worcester Business Development Corporation
  15. Maria Pirone, Director, Global Data Products & Services, Weather Services International, Inc.
  16. A. Russell Freeman, Director of Strategic Planning, EG&G Technical Services, Inc.
  17. Jack Sheehan, Executive Director, AGATE Alliance Association, Inc.

List of Figures
  1. Innovative Adoption Curve 12
  2. Service Features: Transportation vs. Other Network Sectors 20
  3. Institutional Features: Transport vs. Other Network Sectors 20
  4. States Involvement and Initial Year of Participation in ATWIS, as of 2001 34
  5. U.S. Weather Industry Model 65
  6. Revolutions in Higher Speed Travel 70

List of Tables
  1. PPP Model Spectrum 17
  2. Harnessing Motives Across the Sectors 17

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