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About OVCOJP SealMessage From the DirectorOVC Publishing Guidelines for Print and Web MediaNCJ 205247 / August 2004
Submission DeadlinesSubmission RequirementsPublishing ProcessProduct TypesWriting for PrintWriting an E-PubFormatting References/Endnotes
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Formatting References/Endnotes

Reference Style

Please refer to the Chicago Manual of Style for situations not listed here.

General Format for Books

Author (last name, first name). Date of publication. Title in Italics. City and state of publication: publisher.

Jones, John. 1992. History of Criminology. New York: Houghton Mifflin.

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General Format for Periodicals

Author (last name, first name). Date of publication. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical in Italics volume number(issue number): page number.

Jones, John. June 1992. "Crime in the Community." Journal of Crime 10(3): 3-12.

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General Format for OVC and Other Government Series

Author (last name, first name). Date of publication. Title of Publication in Italics. Title of Series in Initial Caps, volume and issue number (if applicable). City and state of publication: publisher.

Visher, Christy A. September 1992. Pretrial Drug Testing. Research in Brief. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.

Office for Victims of Crime. August 1998. New Directions From the Field: Victims' Rights and Services for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.

Note: Do not name the Government Printing Office as a publisher.

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Author Issues

Multiple Authors

List the first author's last name first, but list the other authors first name first.

Hillsman, Sally T. and Laura A. Winterfield.

No Authors

Place the editors' names in the author slot if no authors are identified.

Flannegan, T.J. and K.M. Jamieson, eds.

If an agency or institution is both the author and publisher, use the agency name as the author and any umbrella institution as the publisher.

Office for Victims of Crime. August 1998. New Directions From the Field: Victims' Rights and Services for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.

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Special Situations

Chapters in a Book

Citations of chapters also must include names of authors and editors.

Author (last name, first name). Date of publication. "Title of Chapter in Quotation Marks and Initial Caps." In Title of Publication, by or ed. (author or editor's name beginning with first name). City and state of publication: Publisher.

Robert Smith. 1990. "Crime and the Cities." In A Review of Criminal Justice, eds. Ellen Tomes and Edward Bock. New York: Wiley.

Unpublished Manuscripts

Treat unpublished material as though it were an article in a periodical, with the title of the document in quotation marks.

Brown, William. 1992. "Intermediate Sanctions." Unpublished report. National Institute of Justice, CX-000-000.

Note: Always provide the grant number when citing a Federal Government source.

No Date Provided

Brown, William. n.d. "Intermediate Sanctions." Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.

Web Site References

Provide the author's name (last name, first name) if available. "The Title of the Document" and title of the full work, if applicable. Name of the organization that placed it on the Web. Web site URL. Accessed date (provide date material was gathered).

Volunteer Center of Marin. "A Guide to Organizing Neighborhoods for Preparedness, Response, and Recovery." American Red Cross, www.sff.org/about/publications/emergency_plan.doc. Accessed March 3, 2004.

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This document was last updated on September 10, 2004