This web site was copied prior to January 20, 2005. It is now a Federal record managed by the National Archives and Records Administration. External links, forms, and search boxes may not function within this collection. Learn more.   [hide]
Skip To Content
NSF Logo Search GraphicGuide To Programs GraphicImage Library GraphicSite Map GraphicHelp GraphicPrivacy Policy Graphic
OLPA Header Graphic

NSF Press Release


NSF PR 04-12 - February 2, 2004

Media contact:

 Bill Noxon

 (703) 292-7750

Program contact:

 Tom Cooley

 (703) 292-8200

NSF Fiscal 2005 Budget Request Is $5.745 Billion

NSF Budget Request to Congress FY 2005 cover
Macrophages circulate through the blood, searching for bacterial infection. When bacteria are found, macrophages engulf and digest them. This series of three paintings shows a macrophage engulfing a bacterium. Only a portion of the two cells, where a pseudopod of the macrophage is extending over the bacterium, is shown. The original paintings are 1 meter tall--at this magnification, the macrophage would fill most of a building.
More about this image.
Credit: © 2002 David S. Goodsell, Scripps Research Institute
Select image for larger version

 Note About Images

Arlington, Va.—The National Science Foundation (NSF) today submitted to Congress a $5.745 billion budget request for fiscal year 2005. Foundation Director Rita Colwell says the funds will "address frontiers of knowledge and innovation that will strengthen economic growth and prosperity nationally."

The 3 percent overall increase above the fiscal 2004 amount the president recently signed into law will allow NSF to continue support of its integrative research and education investments, Colwell stated. Further, the 2005 request increases funding specifically for research and related activities by 4.7 percent over the current-year level.

Five focused priority areas are slated to receive more than $537 million in 2005. Support for Nanoscale Science and Engineering will increase by 20 percent, while support for Biocomplexity in the Environment, Mathematical Sciences, and Human and Social Dynamics will continue at 2004 levels. The new budget requests $20 million to start NSF's Workforce for the 21st Century priority area, focusing on U.S. citizens and broadening participation.

The fiscal 2005 budget also seeks funding for six major research facilities:

  • $12 million for the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON), a system of research facilities and instruments for integrated environmental observations at local, regional and continental scales

  • $40.85 million to outfit a new state-of-the-art research vessel to support the international Integrated Ocean Drilling Program

  • $30 million for the Rare Symmetry Violating Process (RSVP) project at the Brookhaven National Laboratory to clarify the standard model of physics and seek out the particles or processes that help answer questions about the origins of our physical world and the nature of dark matter

  • $49.67 million to further support the Atacama Large Millimeter Array in Chile

  • $33.45 million for the IceCube Neutrino Observatory at the South Pole

  • $47.35 million for Earthscope, a nationwide geological observatory network

The 2005 budget request also includes a 10.7-percent increase in funding for NSF's integrative research and education centers programs, including six new Science and Technology Centers (STC), which raises overall funding for STCs by about $30 million to $72.4 million in 2005. Other major increases will be directed toward chemistry centers, Long Term Ecological Research projects, Mathematical Sciences Research Institutes, Nanoscale Science and Engineering Centers and Centers for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences.

NSF is also requesting $363 million for Organizational Excellence, a key strategic goal planned for 2005, which agency officials describe as equal and complementary to NSF's other goals of people, ideas and tools. Integrating sound business practices with productive research and education investments brings real returns to the American people. "We have been an innovator in sound business practices, having received the President's Quality Award for Management Excellence and two green-light ratings from OMB for financial management and e-government," Colwell said. "Yet, for the past two decades—not years—we have kept the same basic staffing level despite significant increases in workload, steadily rising numbers of proposals and greater numbers of high-dollar, multidisciplinary projects that require sophisticated monitoring and evaluation." In particular, the increased investment will help upgrade NSF's operational systems to ensure their continued reliability, security, and user friendliness, she said.

Overall, Colwell concluded, great care was taken to identify, during a tight budget year, investments that have enduring benefits for science and engineering communities as well as the American public.


For more information see:


The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering, with an annual budget of nearly $5.58 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 universities and institutions. Each year, NSF receives about 40,000 competitive requests for funding, and makes about 11,000 new funding awards. The NSF also awards over $200 million in professional and service contracts yearly.

Receive official NSF news electronically through the e-mail delivery system, NSFnews. To subscribe, send an e-mail message to In the body of the message, type "subscribe nsfnews" and then type your name. (Ex.: "subscribe nsfnews John Smith")

Useful NSF Web Sites:
NSF Home Page:
News Highlights:
Science Statistics:
Awards Searches:



National Science Foundation
Office of Legislative and Public Affairs
4201 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, Virginia 22230, USA
Tel: 703-292-8070
FIRS: 800-877-8339 | TDD: 703-292-5090

NSF Logo Graphic