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Strategic Research Partnerships: Proceedings from an NSF Workshop

Workshop Participants

David B. Audretsch is the Ameritech Chair of Economic Development and Director of the Institute for Development Strategies at Indiana University. He is also a Research Fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (London). Audretsch's research has focused on the links between entrepreneurship, government policy, innovation, economic development and global competitiveness. He has consulted with the World Bank, National Academy of Sciences, U.S. State Department, U.S. Federal Trade Commission, General Accounting Office and International Trade Commission as well as the United Nations, Commission of the European Union, the European Parliament, the OECD, as well as numerous private corporations, state governments, and a number of European Governments. His research has been published in over one hundred scholarly articles and twenty books including, Innovation and Industry Evolution (MIT Press) in 1995. He is founder and editor Small Business Economics: An International Journal.

Barry Bozeman is Professor of Public Policy at Georgia Tech and Director of the Research Value Mapping Program. He is also Co-Director of the Center for Science, Policy, and Outcomes, a Washington, DC-based research institution sponsored by Columbia University and Georgia Tech. Bozeman has conducted work of R&D policy evaluation. His most recent book on the topic is Limited by Design: R&D Laboratories in the U.S. National Innovation System (with Michael Crow).

Lynda Carlson is the Director of the National Science Foundation's Division of Science Resources Studies, which has the legislated responsibility to provide for the collection, interpretation, and analysis of data on scientific and engineering resources for Federal policy formulation. She previously was Director of the Statistics and Methods Group and Director of Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division, both within the Energy Information Administration. She holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Illinois. Her areas of research and administrative expertise include survey design development and operation, organization and management of statistical groups and projects, organizational performance measurement, cognitive methods, and energy consumption and conservation measurement and analysis.

Kathryn L. Combs earned her Ph.D. in economics from the University of Minnesota and currently holds a position as Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Business at the University of St. Thomas in Minnesota. She has also been a faculty member at California State University - Los Angeles and a visiting faculty member at University of Southern California and University of Minnesota. Her research and publications are in the areas of industrial organization, the economics of R&D, and technology transfer.

Mark Dodgson is Executive Director of the National Graduate School of Management and Professor of Management at the Australian National University. He has a Ph.D. from Imperial College, London. Previously at the Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU) at the University of Sussex, he has been an advisor and consultant to many European Commission programs and to numerous UK, Australian and Asian government departments and agencies. His latest book is The Management of Technological Innovation: An International and Strategic Approach, Oxford University Press, 2000.

Maryann P. Feldman is a Research Scientist at the Institute for Policy Studies, and Associate Professor of Economics, Johns Hopkins University. Her research focuses on technological change and economic development, with a specific focus on industrial change and the implications for places, workers and wages.

John Hagedoorn is currently Professor of Strategic Management and International Business at Maastricht University, The Netherlands. He is also a professorial fellow with the Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT). He previously worked for the Dutch research organization TNO (the equivalent of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the USA and the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft in Germany). His main fields of interest are: strategic alliances, inter-firm networks, innovation and technological change, mergers and acquisitions, high-tech industries, and international business.

John Hansen is Professor of Economics at the State University of New York at Fredonia. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from Yale University, is the author of three books and a number of articles. Over the past two decades he has been extensively involved in the development of innovation indicator surveys in the United States and Europe.

Diana Hicks is a senior policy analyst at CHI Research, Inc. where she undertakes analytical science policy work for the US and foreign governments. She received her MSc and Ph.D. from the University of Sussex in science and technology policy studies. Before joining CHI in 1998, she was on the faculty of the Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex where she taught graduate courses in science policy and sociology of science. Her many publications use bibliometric techniques to investigate the relationship between research and innovation and to track the evolution of national science and technology systems. She has been visiting professor and researcher at: the Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley; the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) in Tokyo, Japan; and the Royal Society in London.

John E. Jankowski is Director of the Research & Development Statistics Program within the National Science Foundation's Division of Science Resources Studies. His Program has responsibility for conducting surveys and special studies of financial and physical resources related to the Nation's R&D activities in the academic, government, industrial and nonprofit sectors. He has authored numerous reports and articles on science & technology issues, including contributions to the National Science Board's biennial Science & Engineering Indicators. He holds degrees from Georgetown University and the Johns Hopkins University.

Albert N. Link is Professor of Economics at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. He received the B.S. in mathematics from the University of Richmond in 1971 and the Ph.D. in economics from Tulane University in 1976. His research focuses broadly on the economics of science and technology policy. He is the editor of the Journal of Technology Transfer. Specifically related to strategic research partnerships are his recent works on science parks: A Generosity of Spirit: The Early History of Research Triangle Park (1995) and From Seed to Harvest: The Growth of Research Triangle Park (forthcoming), both by the Research Triangle Foundation of North Carolina.

Franco Malerba is currently a Full Professor of Industrial Economics at Bocconi University and the Director of CESPRI (Research Center on Internationalization Processes), also at Bocconi University he is editor of the Journal Industrial and Corporate Change, advisory editor of Research Policy, and associate editor of the Journal of Evolutionary Economics. He has conducted research and collaborations with the European Commission, OECD, EUREKA, ENEA (Italian Energy Agency), Italian Ministry of Science and Technology, Italian Ministry of Industry, and Confindustria, Assolombarda, Lombardy Region, and he is the author of several publications in industrial economics, economics of innovation and international economics. He received a Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University.

Stephen Martin is Professor of Industrial Organization at the Faculty of Economics and Econometrics, University of Amsterdam. From September 1995 through December 31, 1999 he was Director of the Centre for Industrial Economics at the University of Copenhagen. Since August 1996 he has been co-Managing Editor of the International Journal of Industrial Organization. He was Professor at the European University Institute for 7 years, serving as Head of Department for 3 years. He was successively Assistant, Associate, and Full Professor at Michigan State University, having previously taken his Ph.D. in economics at M.I.T. after surviving 3 years in the U.S. Army. His first university degree was in mathematics from Michigan State University. His research interests include all areas of industrial economics, on which he has published widely, with current emphasis on comparative competition policy and experimental tests of theories of vertical foreclosure. He has taught graduate and undergraduate courses in industrial economics, and supervised 14 Ph.D. dissertations to completion.

David C. Mowery is Milton Terrill Professor of Business Administration at the Walter Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley. He also serves as Director of the Haas School's Ph.D. Program. Professor Mowery has published a number of books and articles on the economics of innovation and technology policy.

Francis Narin, president of CHI Research, Inc. in Haddon Heights, New Jersey, is an internationally recognized authority on science and technology indicators, and bibliometrics. His firm has produced essentially all the literature, literature citation and patent citation indicators used in the Science & Engineering Indicators reports, since the first Science Indicators report in 1972. He has published more than 125 research papers and reports. A New York Times story "Study Finds Public Science is Pillar of Industry" May 13, 1997, based on his work, has received much attention in the science and technology policy communities, because it showed that U.S. private industry patents rely on public science for 75 percent of their science base. His most recent work has shown that companies with strong technology indicators do better in stock performance for a number of years into the future.

Mariko Sakakibara is an assistant professor at the John E. Anderson Graduate School of Management at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). She received her Ph.D. in Business Economics and MBA at Harvard University. She received her Master of Engineering degree in Architectural Engineering from University of Tokyo, and Bachelor of Engineering degree in Architectural Engineering from Kyoto University. Prior to coming to the United States as a Fulbright Scholar, she was Deputy Director at the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Japan. Dr. Sakakibara's research has been published in leading journals in economics and management including the American Economic Review, RAND Journal of Economics, Journal of Industrial Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, Strategic Management Journal, Research Policy, and Journal of the Japanese and International Economies. Her recent book entitled Can Japan Compete? co-authored with Michael E. Porter and Hirotaka Takeuchi, was selected as one of the "Books of the Year" in 2000 by The Economist. Her main fields of interest include alliances, innovation and technological change, multinational corporate strategy, and national competitiveness.

John T. Scott received a Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University and holds the position of Professor of Economics at Dartmouth College. His research is in the areas of industrial organization and the economics of technological change. He has served as President of the Industrial Organization Society and on the editorial boards of the International Journal of Industrial Organization, the Review of Industrial Organization, and the Journal of Industrial Economics. He has consulted in matters of technology policy for the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National Science Foundation, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and he has served as an economist at the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and at the Federal Trade Commission.

Donald Siegel is Professor of Industrial Economics at the Nottingham University Business School. He received his bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees from Columbia University. In 1988-1989, he was a Sloan Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow at the NBER. He has previously taught at SUNY-Stony Brook and Arizona State University, and served as a Faculty Research Fellow of the NBER and as an ASA/NSF/BLS Senior Research Fellow. His book, Skill-Biased Technological Change: Evidence From a Firm-Level Survey, was published in November 1999 by the W.E. Upjohn Institute Press. Dr. Siegel is an associate editor of the Journal of Technology Transfer and recently co-edited a special issue of this journal on "Organizational Issues in University-Industry Technology Transfer."

Gregory Tassey is Senior Economist for the National Institute of Standards and Technology. He is engaged in analyses of the economics of high-tech industries; strategic planning and economic impact studies; and economic growth policy assessments. Dr. Tassey has a B.A. in physics from Western Maryland College and a Ph.D. in economics from The George Washington University. He has published 25 articles in policy and economic journals and has written three books, including Technology Infrastructure and Competitive Position (1992) and The Economics of R&D Policy (1997).

Charles Wessner holds degrees in International Affairs from Lafayette College (Phi Beta Kappa) and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy where he obtained an M.A., an M.A.L.D. and a Ph.D. as a Shell Fellow. Dr. Wessner frequently testifies to Congressional Committees interested in STEP's work, most recently the U.S. Trade Deficit Review Commission. He also lectures frequently on international technology policy and high-technology trade at universities such as Harvard, George Mason, Georgetown, George Washington, and Helsinki University of Technology as well as Sandia National Laboratories and the Foreign Service Institute of the Department of State.

Nicholas Vonortas is Associate Professor of Economics and International Affairs and Director of the graduate program in Science, Technology and Public Policy at The George Washington University. He has a B.A. in economics from the University of Athens, an M.A. in economic development from Leicester University, and a Ph.D. in economics from New York University. Professor Vonortas' teaching and research interests are in industrial organization, the economics of technological change, and science and technology policy. He specializes on strategic partnerships, technology transfer, technology and competition policy, and the appraisal of the economic returns of R&D programs.

Andrew W. Wyckoff is head of the Economic Analysis and Statistics division within the Directorate of Science, Technology and Industry (STI), where he oversees work on the design, development and analysis of indicators of science and technology, the information economy, industrial performance and globalization. Prior to joining the OECD, he was program manager of the Information, Telecommunications and Commerce program of the US Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA).

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