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United States Environmental Protection Agency
Clean Water Financing
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Illustration of Globe with title "Financing Solutions for Cleaner Water"

Since the passage of the Clean Water Act, great progress has been made toward restoring the nation's waters. States, local governments, nonprofit organizations and others will continue to find financial assistance through flexible federal programs that are designed to address current and future water pollution control challenges.

Today, the Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF) program is recognized as the most successful federal water quality funding program in the nation's history. The CWSRF program, which replaced the Construction Grants program, provides funding for the construction of municipal wastewater facilities and implementation of nonpoint source pollution control and estuary protection projects. Other wastewater management related funding is available through Water Pollution Control Program Grants for states, Water Quality Cooperative Agreements for states, municipalities and others, and Clean Water Indian Program Grants. EPA also provides assistance when communities wish to explore the privatization of wastewater facilities.

Other Funding Sources

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund: Similar in structure to the CWSRF, 1996 amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act established the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund to provide funds for drinking water systems to finance infrastructure improvements. Emphasis is placed on funds to small and disadvantaged communities and to programs that encourage pollution prevention.

Environmental Finance Program: Through the Chief Financial Officer, the Environmental Finance Program assists communities in their search for creative approaches to funding their environmental projects. The Environmental Finance Team provides financial technical assistance to the regulated community and advice and recommendations to the Agency on environmental finance issues.

Funding for Nonpoint Source Pollution: For information on funding sources for nonpoint source pollution and watershed protection projects.

Other Federal Funding Resources: exit EPA For information on water quality funding sources beyond EPA's programs including funding from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the US Department of Interior, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Federal Highway Administration, and the US Geological Survey.



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