Global Science and Technology Week (GSTW) celebrates the expanding opportunity for the world's best scientific minds to transcend national boundaries and collaborate on new discoveries and shared global problems.
The White House Office of Science and Tech- nology Policy and the Office of the Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State are working with private and public organizations to develop outreach actitivies for GSTW. The week is May 6-12, 2001 and highlights the international nature of science and underscores the importance of math and science education in today's era of globalization.
Additional information about Global Science and Technology Week, including messages from the White House and special events scheduled, can be found on the OSTP website.
Other Links of Interest
NSF Division of International Programs -
An integral part of NSF's mission is the support of international
cooperation in science and engineering. The Division of International
Programs (INT) has a leadership role in promoting and coordinating
APEC Youth Science Festival -
The 2nd APEC Youth Science Festival website serves as an international medium
where young scientists
and science educators
can learn about
preparations and activities at each APEC Youth
Science Festival. NSF/INT funded AAAS to organize the U.S. delegation of 20 high school students, selected from science fair winners around the country. Korea hosted the first event in 1998, and Singapore the second, in 2000. The host for a third event, in 2002, is expected to be announced soon.
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Science Knows No Boundaries -
USDA's Agricultural Research Service developed the web site in recognition of "Global
Science and Technology Week" (GSTW), May 6-12.
The site highlights work by USDA scientists who search overseas for natural controls to
weed and insect pests, as alternatives to pesticides.
Helpful Math and Science Education Links
Selected International Research and Education Highlights
The National Science Foundation is proud to participate in Global Science and Technology Week. Research and education in science and engineering benefit immensely from international cooperation. The following NSF-funded activities highlight both the international nature of science and engineering and the importance of math and science education in today's era of globalization.
| The Amazon: A Big Natural Laboratory
It is the mightiest of the world's great rivers: the Amazon.
Draining an area equivalent to more than two thirds of the
continental United States, it pours into the Atlantic Ocean about
one-fifth of the freshwater that flows into all the world's oceans, a
volume so prodigious that it alters ocean salt levels 200 miles
from its mouth. And yet, contends Dr. Jeffrey Richey, a chemical oceanographer at the University of Washington, most of us misperceive the
physical nature of a mighty river like the Amazon. "Usually, big
rivers are thought of as just pipes from the land to the ocean," he
says. "Nobody thinks much about what goes on inside of one."
Photo copyright Michael McClain
With funding from several NSF programs, Richey, his graduate
students, and South American scientists and their students
have been engaged for two decades in a long term, large-scale
biogeochemistry project aimed at finding out, in great detail,
what goes on inside the Amazon -- most especially its
ever-changing chemistry, its interactions with the surrounding
riparian (near-shore) area, its flood plain, and even its
interactions with the atmosphere.
NSF-Supported Teams Provide New Data on Early Moments of the Universe
Antarctic-based instruments support each other's results
Two teams of cosmologists
released new findings on April 29 about the nature
of the universe in its infancy. Their
spectacular images of the cosmic
microwave background (CMB), taken
with instruments operating from
Antarctica, reveal the strongest
evidence to date for the theory of
inflation, the leading model for the
formation of the universe. The announcement represents the first
release of data from the Degree Angular
Scale Interferometer (DASI), a
13-element ground-based instrument
operating since last year at the National
Science Foundation (NSF) Amundsen
Scott South Pole Station. Scientists also
released similar results from further
analysis of data from the Balloon
Observations of Millimetric
Extragalactic Radiation and Geophysics
(BOOMERANG) project, obtained in
1998 and first reported last year.
Crew members bundle up to operate DASI, a 13-element array at the South Pole
|| First-Ever Complete Genome Sequence is Announced; International Team Reveals DNA Secrets of Arabidopsis thaliana
Genetics reached a major
milestone late last year as an
international research team
announced it had completed
the first plant genome
sequence. The species
Arabidopsis thaliana has
emerged as the plant
counterpart of the laboratory
mouse, offering clues to how
all sorts of living organisms
behave genetically, with
applications for agriculture,
medicine and energy.
| This achievement, by a consortium of scientists called the Arabidopsis Genome Initiative
(AGI), was featured on the cover of the journal Nature's December 14, 2000 issue, which
included four articles describing how researchers sequenced the entire genome of this weed in
the mustard family. Because it is a model for over 250,000 other plant species, Arabidopsis is
yielding insights that scientists are already applying to make other plants easier to grow under
adverse conditions and healthier to eat.
Find Out Why: Underwater Eruptions
Some of the biggest volcanoes on Earth
have never been seen by any human.
That’s because they’re more than a mile
underwater. You’d have to dive down a
mile and a half just to reach the tops of
these volcanoes. This string of
underwater volcanoes is called the
Mid-Ocean Ridge. The Mid-Ocean Ridge is the biggest
mountain range on our planet.
than 30,000 miles long and almost 500
miles wide. Its hundreds of mountains
and volcanoes zigzag under the ocean
between the continents, winding their
way around the globe like the seam on
a baseball. That means there are
underwater mountains and volcanoes all
around the world.
Volcano Research Erupts with International Initiatives
In a U.S.-Russia Cooperative Research award sponsored by
the NSF’s Central & Eastern Europe program and the Russian
Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), about 150 leading
geoscientists from the U.S., Russia and Japan have been
convening to discuss advanced research on volcanoes and
earthquakes in the Kamchatkan-Aleutian Arc. The several
thousand mile long tectonic boundary plate - one of the most
active sites of earthquake and volcanic eruptions on Earth -
crosses international borders from the volcanic Aleutian Arc of
southern Alaska to the Kamchatka/Kuril Arcs of Russia and
Photo: Kamchatkan-Aleutian Workshop of Volcanoes
One of the U.S
coordinators for the
Research is Prof. John
Eichelberger of the
University of Alaska. He is
also the Coordinating
Scientist for the US Geological Survey's Alaska Volcano
Observatory (AVO), which seismically monitors about 20
Aleutian Arc Volcanoes, releases regular updates describing
the current state of volcanic activity via the Internet and also
posts Kamchatkan updates from colleagues at the
Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT).