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Research and Development in Industry: 1999
[Early Release Tables]


The annual report, Research and Development in Industry: 1999, will be published later this year on the World Wide Web (WWW) and in paper form. To provide data users with the most timely data possible, selected tables from the report are being made available while the printed report is being prepared. The statistics in these tables are considered final and are not expected to be revised. These tables could appear in the printed report with minor format changes to conform with report publication guidelines and procedures.

These tables provide statistics on research and development (R&D) expenditures for the years 1997-99 and on R&D personnel for the period from January 1998 to January 2000. The statistics are produced with results from the annual Survey of Industrial Research and Development and provide national estimates of the total expenditures on R&D performed within the United States by industrial firms, whether U.S. or foreign owned. It is a sample survey that intends to include or represent all R&D-performing companies, either publicly or privately held.

Every year a survey questionnaire is sent to all companies that spend more than $5 million annually on R&D in the United States. The level of R&D performance is determined by using information from previous surveys or other sources. Remaining firms are subjected to probability sampling and may not receive a questionnaire for a given survey year.

Industry statistics are developed from data collected from individual companies or enterprises. Since the survey is enterprise based rather than establishment based, all data collected for the various subparts of each enterprise (plants, divisions, or subdivisions) are tabulated in the major standard industrial classification of the company. The resulting industry estimates are reported using the industrial classification of the companies within each industry. National totals are estimated by summing the industry estimates. Beginning with the 1999 survey, estimates are based on the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS). In prior years, estimates were based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. For tables containing estimates for 1997 and 1998 in addition to the estimates for 1999, companies in the 1997 and 1998 surveys were assigned NAICS industry codes based on their SIC codes. Consequently, the estimates for 1997 and 1998 are not necessarily representative of the NAICS categories of industries in those years.

The Bureau of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce, has conducted the Survey of Industrial Research and Development for the National Science Foundation (NSF) since 1957. Census staff conduct the survey under Title 13 of the United States Code, which prohibits publication or release of data or statistics that may reveal information about individual companies. Therefore, in some tables the symbol (D) is used as a footnote reference to indicate that estimates are being withheld to avoid possible disclosure of information about operations of individual companies.

In addition to the tables containing statistics developed from the survey data, the annual report will contain detailed information about the history of the survey, survey methodology, comparability of the statistics, and survey definitions. Survey questionnaires, instructions, and other survey documents will be reproduced also. Specific questions regarding the survey may be directed to Raymond Wolfe at (703) 292-7789, via e-mail at rwolfe@nsf.gov (Internet), or at the following mailing address:

Research and Development Statistics Program
Division of Science Resources Studies
National Science Foundation, Room 965
4201 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, VA 22230



List of Tables


The following tables are available in spreadsheet (.xls) format.
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Table Total Funds for Research and Development top
E-1 Trends in total (Federal plus company and other) U.S. industrial R&D performance, by source of funds, in current and in constant dollars: 1953-99
E-2 Total (Federal plus company and other) funds for U.S. industrial R&D performance, by industry and by size of company: 1997-99
Table Company and Other (except Federal) Funds for Research and Development top
E-3 Company and other nonfederal funds for U.S. industrial R&D performance, by industry and by size of company: 1997-99
Table Federal Funds for Research and Development top
E-4 Federal funds for U.S. industrial R&D performance, by industry and by size of company: 1997-99
Table Sales top
E-5 Domestic net sales of U.S. industrial R&D-performing companies, by industry, by size of company: 1999
Table Employment top
E-6 Domestic employment of U.S. industrial R&D-performing companies, by industry, by size of company: 1999
E-7 Number of full-time equivalent (FTE) R&D scientists and engineers in U.S. industrial R&D-performing companies, by industry and by size of company, by source of R&D funds: January 2000


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Last Modified: Jan 23, 2001 Comments to srsweb@nsf.gov