<
 
 
 
 
×
>
hide
You are viewing a Web site, archived on 10:59:59 Nov 18, 2004. It is now a Federal record managed by the National Archives and Records Administration.
External links, forms, and search boxes may not function within this collection.
National Patterns of R&D Resources: 2000 (Early Release Tables)

National Patterns of R&D Resources: 2000
Early Release Tables


Introduction TOP

The Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS) of the National Science Foundation publishes the biennial report, National Patterns of R&D Resources. This report describes and analyzes current patterns of research and development (R&D) in the United States, in relation to the historical record and the reported R&D levels of other industrialized countries. Prior to the report's publication, SRS makes available "early release tables", like those provided below, thereby giving researchers early access to the most recent data which they may need for their research.

Please Note: For trend comparisons, use only the historical data reported here. These tables incorporate the latest revisions to prior-year data, including recently revised estimates of R&D performance by nonprofit organizations. Do not use data published earlier.

Tables 1-6 and Table D below contain NSF's most current information to date regarding R&D expenditures in the U.S. The expenditure levels reported are broken out by:

Source of Funds Federal government, nonfederal government, industry, academia, and nonprofit institutions
R&D performer Federal government, industry, academia, nonprofit institutions, and federally-funded research and development centers
Character of work Basic research, applied research, and development
Type of monetary unit Current dollars or constant 1996 dollars
Geographic location Each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia

For the first four of these categories, annual data are provided that date back to the 1950s, which are amenable to time-series analysis of the economic history of R&D in the U.S. Similarly, the geographic data, which cover all odd-numbered years from 1987 to 1997 plus the year 1998, are amenable to both time series and cross-sectional analysis.

Table 7 supplies international R&D data pertaining to the major industrialized "group of seven" countries (the U.S., Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy and Canada). These data include total R&D and non-defense R&D in constant 1996 dollars (by purchasing power parity), and as a percent of national GDP.

A brief summary of the main findings for 2000 is provided in the forthcoming SRS Data Brief, "R&D Could Approach Sixth Year of Unprecedented Growth". Researchers may also wish to examine the previous report National Patterns of R&D Resources: 1998 and forthcoming National Patterns reports for more extensive analysis of historical R&D trends, for more detailed breakdowns of R&D expenditure (such as by academic fields of study or sector of private industry), or for explanations of methodological and technical aspects of how the R&D statistics have been obtained and compiled. As explained in the technical notes of these reports, the data presented here on R&D expenditures derive from information obtained from four NSF/SRS surveys: Research and Development in Industry: 1998; Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998; Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 1998, 1999, and 2000; and Survey of R&D Funding & Performance by Nonprofit Organizations.

Note that R&D expenditure levels from Federal sources, presented here based on performer-reported surveys, differ from the Federal R&D funding totals reported by the Federal agencies that provide those funds. The difference in the Federal R&D totals appear to be concentrated in the funding of industry by the Department of Defense. See National Patterns of R&D Resources: 1998 and the forthcoming National Patterns reports for detailed discussion and documentation of these differences.

Notes on How to Read the Tables TOP

The first eight tables (1A, 1B, 2A, ..., 4B) are symmetrically arranged to allow for direct comparisons of R&D data organized in two ways: (1) by performer first and then by source, or (2) by source first and then by performer. The first case effectively asks, "what type of organization performs the R&D, and for that type of performer, from what kinds of organizations does it receive its funding?" The second case effectively asks, "what type of organization provides funding for R&D, and to which kinds of performers does it provide those funds?"

For example, the upper left-hand corners of 1A and 1B are displayed below, which represent cases 1 and 2, respectively. In table 1A, the column for the Federal Government as a performer, as defined in the first row, is not subdivided because the Federal Government is the only source of funds for Federal intramural research. Industry performance, in contrast, is subdivided by the two main sources of industrial performance: the Federal Government and industry's own funds.

Image of first few rows of Table 1A. National expenditures for R&D, by performing sector and sources of funding: 1993-2000.  Image  is linked to complete excel spreadsheet.

In table 1B, on the other hand, the Federal Government as a source defines a column in the first row, which is subdivided into several columns in the second row for the performers that receive those funds, such as the Federal Government itself and industry.

Image of first few rows of Table 1B. National expenditures for R&D, from funding sectors to performing sectors: 1993-2000.  Image  is linked to complete excel spreadsheet.

The third row of each table provides the column number for table D, containing annual historical data from 1953 to 2000 (where data for 1999 and 2000 are preliminary). Note, for instance, that, in table 1A, industrial performance that is funded by Federal support is designated as column "[4]" in table D. In table 1B, Federal support that is directed to industry performers is also designated as column "[4]" because these two concepts are identically equal, and thus, they are represented by the same column in table D.

The A and B parts of tables 2, 3, and 4 are structured in exactly the same manner as the A and B parts of table 1, but tables 2, 3, and 4 refer to basic research, applied research, and development, respectively, rather than total R&D (the sum of those three components).

List of Tables TOP

These tables are available in Excel (.xls) format and Portable Document Format (.pdf).
See Help for more information about viewing publications in different formats.

Table Table Title  Excel Spreadsheet (.xls) Portable Document Format  (.pdf)
1A National expenditures for R&D, by performing sector and sources of funding: 1993-2000 .xls .pdf
1B National expenditures for R&D, from funding sectors to performing sectors: 1993-2000 .xls .pdf
2A National expenditures for basic research, by performing sector and sources of funding: 1993-2000 .xls .pdf
2B National expenditures for basic research, from funding sectors to performing sectors: 1993-2000 .xls .pdf
3A National expenditures for R&D, by performing sector and sources of funding: 1993-2000 .xls .pdf
3B National expenditures for applied research, from funding sectors to performing sectors: 1993-2000 .xls .pdf
4A National expenditures for R&D, by performing sector and sources of funding: 1993-2000 .xls .pdf
4B National expenditures for development, from funding sectors to performing sectors: 1993-2000 .xls .pdf
5 Gross domestic product and R&D (Federally-funded, nonfederal, and total): Comparative measures of growth: 1993-2000 .xls .pdf
6 State expenditures for R&D, by performing sector and sources of funding: 1993-2000 .xls .pdf
7 International R&D expenditures (total and non-defense) in constant dollars and as a percentage of GDP: 1981-99 .xls .pdf


Top of page Next Section HELP SRS Homepage
[SRS Homepage]
Last Modified: Nov 02, 2000 Comments to srsweb@nsf.gov