This web site was copied prior to January 20, 2005. It is now a Federal record managed by the National Archives and Records Administration. External links, forms, and search boxes may not function within this collection. Learn more.   [hide]
Skip To Content
NSF Logo Search GraphicGuide To Programs GraphicImage Library GraphicSite Map GraphicHelp GraphicPrivacy Policy Graphic
OLPA Header Graphic
perpetual perceptual: An exhibit by Jessica Bronson SCIANCE: An exhibit by Martin Kersels and Peter Schröder CHEESE: An exhibit by Christian Möller BODY ELECTRIC: An exhibit by Malcolm MacIver and Simon Penny Einstein's Dilemma: An exhibit by Jennifer Steinkamp
The INFILTRATE exhibit featuring fish swimming in a tank. The tank sits in front of a screen depicting digital versions of the fish.
  Photo Credit: Courtesy of Art Center College of Design
  Return to homepage
 Skip To Page Navigation
Additional Links
Ken Goldberg’s homepage
Pietro Perona’s homepage
University of California at Berkeley
CNSE homepage
Williamson Gallery
Art Center College of Design
University of California at Irvine
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
NSF Newsroom
NSF Division of Engineering Education and Centers
NSF Home
   Skip To Page Navigation INFILTRATE: An exhibit by Ken Goldberg and Pietro Perona
  Change perspective – be the fish

Before you swim five, elegant, digital fish – a complex, moving image projected onto a large, screen “aquarium.” The digital fish mimic the movements of five, white koi in the tank beside you, while a sixth fish is absent from the view. You are that sixth fish, an orange koi whose own observations dictate what you see in the projection.

The exhibit is a collaboration between Ken Goldberg, an artist and professor of industrial engineering and computer science at the University of California at Berkeley, and Pietro Perona, director of NSF’s Engineering Research Center for Neuromorphic Systems Engineering (CNSE) at the California Institute of Technology. In INFILTRATE, Goldberg focuses on our understanding of perspective, an effort motivated by his post-9/11 realization that different cultures viewing the same scene can draw completely different interpretations.

In the early stages of their collaboration, Perona told Goldberg about the research of CNSE researcher Michael Dickinson, who determined what flies see during flight. NSF supported Dickinson’s research on flies, which he conducted while a researcher at UC-Berkeley. The study relied upon new technology that tracked the motion of the tiny insects, the same technique Goldberg applied to fish. Three cameras track the movement of all of the fish, while a novel computer program digitally reconstructs images of what the orange fish sees.

For further details, see Goldberg/Perona under the “projects” heading on the NEURO website:

National Science Foundation
Office of Legislative and Public Affairs
4201 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, Virginia 22230, USA
Tel: 703-292-8070
FIRS: 800-877-8339 | TDD: 703-292-5090

NSF Logo Graphic