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United States Institute of Peace Reports

Focus on Iraq

Focus on Iraq

Collection of Institute resources related to the current crisis in Iraq.

Report Topics

• Africa

• Asia

• Europe, Balkans, and Russia

• Latin America

• Middle East and Central Asia

• Religion, Human Rights, and Ethnic Conflict

• Peacemaking and Peacekeeping

• Rule of Law

• Virtual Diplomacy and Media and Conflict

The Institute publishes reports concerned with various aspects of international conflict and its resolution. These report types include Special Reports, Peaceworks, and Virtual Diplomacy Series reports.

To request a free copy of a report please use our Free Publications Form.

SR=Special Report        P=Peaceworks        VDS=Virtual Diplomacy Series        OP=Out of Print


Downward Spiral: HIV/AIDS, State Capacity, and Political Conflict in Zimbabwe (P 7/04)
Terrorism in the Horn of Africa (SR 1/04)
Zimbabwe and the Prospects for Nonviolent Political Change (SR 8/03)
Zimbabwe and the Politics of Torture (SR 8/02)
Smart Partnerships for African Development, by Richard Joseph (SR 5/02)
Responding to War and State Collapse in West Africa (SR 1/02)
AIDS and Violent Conflict in Africa (SR 10/01)
U.S. Leadership in Resolving African Conflict: The Case of Ethiopia-Eritrea, by John Prendergast (SR 9/01)
U.S. Human Rights Policy toward Africa (SR 8/01)
Peacekeeping in Africa (SR 2/01)
Angola's Deadly War: Dealing with Savimbi's Hell on Earth, by John Prendergast (SR 10/99)
Postgenocidal Reconciliation: Building Peace in Rwanda and Burundi, by John Prendergast and David Smock (SR 9/99)
Putting Humpty Dumpty Together: Reconstructing Peace in the Congo, by John Prendergast and David Smock (SR 8/99)
Building for Peace in the Horn of Africa: Diplomacy and Beyond, by John Prendergast (SR 6/99) (OP)
A New Approach to Peace in Sudan (SR 2/99)
Removing Barricades in Somalia: Options for Peace and Rehabilitation, by Hussein Adam and Richard Ford (P 10/98)
Preventing Genocide in Burundi, by Stephen Weissman (P 7/98)
Can Nigeria Make a Peaceful Transition to Democratic Governance? (SR 12/97)
Zaire's Crises of War and Governance (SR 4/97)
Creative Approaches to Managing Conflict in Africa (P 4/97) OP
Managing Communications: Lessons from Interventions in Africa (SR 3/97)
Zaire: Predicament and Prospects, by J. C. Willame et al. (P 1/97)
Future U.S. Engagement in Africa: Opportunities and Obstacles for Conflict Management (SR 7/96)
NGOs and the Peace Process in Angola (SR 4/96)
Humanitarian Assistance and Conflict in Africa (P 3/96)
Rwanda: Accountability for War Crimes and Genocide (SR 1/95) OP
U.S. Contribution to Conflict Prevention, Management, and Resolution in Africa (SR 12/94)
Sudan: Ending the War, Moving Talks Forward (SR 5/94)
Sudan Symposium Generates Momentum for Mediation (SR 10/93)
South Africa: The National Peace Accord and the International Community (SR 9/93)
Special Report on Mozambique (SR 5/93)
Special Report on Somalia II (SR 2/93)


U.S.-China Cooperation on the Problem of Failing States and Transnational Threats (SR 9/04)
The Political Economy of the Kashmir Conflict: Opportunities for Economic Peacebuilding and for U.S. Policy (SR 6/04)
A Comprehensive Resolution of the Korean War (SR 5/03)
Democratic Values, Political Structures, and Alternative Politics in Greater China, by David Zweig (P 7/02)
Overcoming Humanitarian Dilemmas in the DPRK (North Korea), by Hazel Smith (SR 7/02)
From Revolutionary Internationalism to Conservative Nationalism: The Chinese Military's Discourse on National Security and Identity, by Nan Li (P 5/01)
The Politics of Famine in North Korea, by Andrew Natsios (SR 8/99)
Mistrust and the Korean Peninsula: Dangers of Miscalculation (SR 10/98)
“Trialogue”: U.S.-Japan-China Relations and Asian-Pacific Stability (SR 9/98)
Muddling toward Democracy: Political Change in Grassroots China, by Anne Thurston (P 8/98)
The China Challenge in the Twenty-First Century (P 6/98)
Challenges of Building a Korean Peace Process (SR 6/98)
Beyond the Asian Financial Crisis (SR 4/98)
North Korea's Decline and China's Strategic Dilemmas (SR 10/97)
A Coming Crisis on the Korean Peninsula? The Food Crisis, Economic Decline, and Political Considerations (SR 10/96)
South China Sea Dispute: Prospects for Preventive Diplomacy (SR 8/96) OP
The North Korean Nuclear Challenge: The Post–Kim Il Sung Phase Begins (SR 12/94) OP
North Korea's Nuclear Program: Challenge and Opportunity American Policy (SR 3/94) OP

Europe, Balkans, and Russia

Macedonia: Understanding History, Preventing Future Conflict, by Violeta Petroska-Beska and Mirjana Najcevska (SR 02/04)
International Judges and Prosecutors in Kosovo: A New Model for Post-Conflict Peacekeeping (SR 10/03)
Can Faith-Based NGOs Advance Interfaith Reconciliation?: The Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina (SR 3/03)
Kosovo Decision Time: How and When? (SR 2/03)
Lawless Rule Versus Rule of Law in the Balkans (SR 12/02)
Putting Peace into Practice: Can Macedonia's New Government Meet the Challenge?, by Brenda Pearson (SR 11/02)
Simulating Kosovo: Lessons for Final Status Negotiations (SR 11/02)
Kosovo Final Status: Options and Cross-Border Requirements (SR 7/02)
Serbia Still at the Crossroads (SR 3/02)
Taking Stock and Looking Forward: Intervention in the Balkans (SR 2/02)
Albanians in the Balkans (SR 11/01)
Whither the Bulldozer? Nonviolent Revolution and the Transition to Democracy in Serbia (SR 8/01)
Serbia and Montenegro: Reintegration, Divorce, or Something Else? (SR 4/01)
The Future of Macedonia: A Balkan Survivor Now Needs Reform (SR 3/01)
Europe in the 21st Century: A Strategy for Achieving Stable Peace (SR 11/00)
Bosnia’s Next Five Years: Dayton and Beyond (SR 11/00)
Defining the Path to a Peaceful, Undivided, and Democratic Europe (SR 6/00)
Transatlantic Relations in the Aftermath of Kosovo (SR 5/00)
Grappling with Peace Education in Serbia, by Ruzica Rozandic (P 4/00)
Macedonia: Prevention Can Work (SR 3/00)
Three Dimensions of Peacebuilding in Bosnia, edited by Steven Riskin (P 12/99)
Balkan Returns: An Overview of Refugee Returns (SR 12/99)
De-Balkanizing the Balkans: Security and Stability in Southeastern Europe (SR 9/99)
Building Security in Post-Cold War Eurasia, by Terrence Hopmann (P 9/99)
“Yugoslavia”: Building Democratic Institutions (SR 4/99)
Nato at Fifty: New Challenges, Future Uncertainties (SR 3/99)
The Quest for Democratic Security: The Role of the Council of Europe and U.S. Foreign Policy, by Heinrich Klebes (P 1/99)
Montenegro—And More—At Risk (SR 1/99)
Bosnia Report Card: Pass, Fail, or Incomplete? (SR 1/99)
Nagorno-Karabakh: Searching for a Solution, by Patricia Carley (P 12/98)
Croatia After Tudjman (SR 8/98)
Kosovo: Escaping the Cul-de-Sac (SR 7/98)
Kosovo Dialogue: Too Little, Too Late (SR 6/98)
NGOs and Peacebuilding in Bosnia's Ethnically Divided Cities (SR 6/98)
Serbia: Democratic Alternatives (SR 6/98)
Sovereignty After Empire: Self-Determination Movements in Former Soviet Union, by Galina Starovoitova (P 11/97) (OP)
Dayton Implementation: Apprehension & Prosecution of Indicted War Criminals (SR 9/97)
Dayton Implementation: The Train and Equip Program (SR 9/97)
Dayton Implementation: The Return of the Refugees (SR 9/97)
Greek–Turkish Relations and U.S. Foreign Policy: Cyprus, the Aegean, and Regional Stability, by Tozun Bahcheli et al. (P 8/97)
Managing NATO Enlargement (SR 4/97)
Serbian Nationalism and the Origins of the Yugoslav Crisis, by Vesna Pesic (P 4/96)
Military Balance in Bosnia and Its Effect on Prospects of Peace (SR 8/95) OP
War in the Caucasus: A Proposal for Settlement of the Conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh (SR 8/94) OP

Latin America

Civil Society under Siege in Colombia (SR 2/04)
Boundary Disputes in Latin America, by Jorge I. Domínguez (P 8/03)
El Salvador: Implementation of the Peace Accords, edited by Margarita Studemeister (P 1/01)
U.S. Human Rights Policy toward Latin America (SR 1/01)
Territorial Disputes and Their Resolution: The Case of Ecuador and Peru, by Beth Simmons (P 4/99)
Southern Mexico: Counterinsurgency and Electoral Politics, by Michael Foley (SR 1/99) OP
State and Soldier in Latin America, by Wendy Hunter (P 10/96)
The Constitutional Crisis in Guatemala (1/94) OP

Middle East and Central Asia

Donor Activities and Civil Society Potential in Iraq (SR 8/04)
Building the Iraqi Special Tribunal: Lessons from Experiences in International Criminal Justice (SR 6/04)
Postconflict Iraq: A Race for Stability, Reconstruction, and Legitimacy (SR 5/04)
Establishing the Rule of Law in Afghanistan (SR 3/04)
Global Terrorism after the Iraq War (SR 10/03)
Islamist Politics in Iraq after Saddam Hussein, by Graham E. Fuller (SR 8/03)
Healing the Holy Land: Interreligious Peacebuilding in Israel/Palestine, by Yehezkel Landau (P 8/03)
The Road Ahead: Lessons in Nation Building from Japan, Germany, and Afghanistan for Postwar Iraq, by Ray Salvatore Jennings (P 5/03)
Unfinished Business in Afghanistan: Warlordism, Reconstruction, and Ethnic Harmony (SR 4/03)
Establishing the Rule of Law in Iraq (SR 4/03)
After Saddam Hussein: Winning a Peace If It Comes to War (SR 2/03)
Would an Invasion of Iraq Be a "Just War"? (SR 1/03)
The Palestinian Reform Agenda, by Nathan Brown (P 12/02)
The Israeli Military and Israel's Palestinian Policy: From Oslo to the Al Aqsa Intifada, by Yoram Peri (P 11/02)
Islam and Democracy (SR 9/02)
Islamic Perspectives on Peace and Violence (SR 1/02)
The Challenge of Regional Cooperation in Central Asia: Preventing Ethnic Conflict in the Ferghana Valley, by Anara Tabyshalieva (P 6/99)
Thinking Out Loud: Policies Toward Iraq (SR 2/99) OP
The Taliban and Afghanistan: Implications for Regional Security and Options for International Action (SR 11/98)
Between Impediment and Advantage: Saddam's Iraq, by Amatzia Baram (SR 6/98)
The Future of Afghanistan (SR 3/97)
The War in Tajikistan Three Years On (SR 11/95)
Central Asians Take Stock, by Nancy Lubin (P 2/95) (OP)
Turkey's Role in the Middle East, by Patricia Carley (P 1/95)

Peacemaking and Peacekeeping

Building Civilian Capacity for U.S. Stability Operations: The Rule of Law Component (SR 4/04)
www.terror.net: How Modern Terrorism Uses the Internet, by Gabriel Weimann (SR 03/04)
Biosecurity: Limiting Terrorist Access to Deadly Pathogens, by Jonathan B. Tucker (P 11/03)
Use and Abuse of Media in Vulnerable Societies (SR 10/03)
Building Interreligious Trust in a Climate of Fear (SR 2/03)
U.S. Negotiating Behavior (SR 10/02)
The Ethics of Armed Humanitarian Intervention, by C.A.J. Coady (P 7/02)
Islamic Extremists: How Do They Mobilize Support? (SR 7/02)
Strategic Nonviolent Conflict: Lessons from the Past, Ideas for the Future(SR 5/02)
Enhancing International Civilian Police in Peace Operations (SR 4/02)
Training for Peace and Humanitarian Relief Operations, by Robert Schoenhaus (P 4/02)
The Diplomacy of Counterterrorism: Lessons Learned, Ignored, and Disputed (SR 1/02)
Training to Help Traumatized Populations (SR 12/01)
Options for Prosecuting International Terrorists (SR 11/01)
Faith-Based NGOs and International Peacebuilding (SR 10/01)
Controlling Weapons of Mass Destruction, edited by Deepa Ollapally (P 9/01)
American Civilian Police in UN Peace Operations (SR 6/01)
Passing the Baton: Challenges of Statecraft for the New Administration, (P 5/01)
French Negotiating Style (SR 4/01)
Catholic Contributions to International Peace (SR 4/01)
The News Media and Peace Processes: The Middle East and Northern Ireland, by Gadi Wolfsfeld (P 1/01)
Conflict Management Training: Advancing Best Practices, by Robert Schoenhaus (P 1/01)
Adapting to the New National Security Environment (SR 12/00)
Coercive Prevention: Normative, Political, and Policy Dilemmas, by Bruce Jentleson (P 10/00)
Women in War and Peace: Grassroots Peacebuilding, by Donna Ramsey Marshall (P 8/00)
Training U.S. Army Officers for Peace Operations: Lessons from Bosnia (SR 10/99)
New Approaches to International Negotiation and Mediation, edited by Timothy Sisk (P 8/99)
Training to Promote Conflict Management (training projects), edited by David Smock (P 7/99)
How Terrorism Ends (SR 5/99)
Private Peacemaking: USIP-Assisted Peacemaking Projects of Nonprofit Organizations,edited by David Smock (P 5/98)
Keynote Addresses from the Virtual Diplomacy Conference, by Solomon, Wriston,and Shultz (P 9/97)
U.S. Responses to Self-Determination Movements: Strategies for Nonviolent Outcomes and Alternatives to Secession, by Patricia Carley (P 7/97) OP
Police Functions in Peace Operations, by Roxane Sismanidis (P 3/97) OP
Can Foreign Aid Moderate Ethnic Conflict? by Milton Esman (P 3/97)
Training for Peace Operations: U.S. Army Adapts to Post–Cold War World (P 2/97) OP
Peace Operations and Common Sense, by Denis McLean (P 6/96)
Self-Determination: Sovereignty, Territorial Integrity, and the Right to Secession, by Patricia Carley (P 3/96)
NGOs and Conflict Management (P 2/96)
Sources of Conflict: "Identity and Conflict," and "'The Coming Anarchy' and the Nation-State Under Siege" (P 8/95) OP
Keynote Addresses from "Managing Chaos" Conference: Aspin and Koppel (P 2/95)
Future of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (SR 1/95)
Restoring Hope: Real Lessons of Somalia for the Future of Intervention (SR 7/94)

Religion, Human Rights, and Ethnic Conflict

Rule of Law

Virtual Diplomacy

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